Counselling in Balgownie, NSW

Photo of Ahmed Tohamy, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Ahmed Tohamy
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Balgownie, NSW 2519
I work with these areas of struggle: • Parenting struggles and child and adolescent mental health (including school related issues) • Early intervention for children and adolescents • Trauma, including complex trauma • Anxiety and related disorders • Navigating young adulthood and other life transitions • Depression • Obsessive compulsive and related disorders • Emotional difficulties and personality disorders • Relationship problems
I work with these areas of struggle: • Parenting struggles and child and adolescent mental health (including school related issues) • Early intervention for children and adolescents • Trauma, including complex trauma • Anxiety and related disorders • Navigating young adulthood and other life transitions • Depression • Obsessive compulsive and related disorders • Emotional difficulties and personality disorders • Relationship problems
(02) 4210 5139 View (02) 4210 5139
Photo of Nadine Wright - Inner Calm Clinical Psychology, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Inner Calm Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Balgownie, NSW 2519
We are a group of skilled Clinical Psychologists that specialise in a wide range of mental health challenges. We assess and tailor effective treatment for mental health challenges such as anxiety, depression, stress, trauma, attachment issues, difficulties with relationships, self-esteem issues, body dysmorphia, and parenting challenges. We love to work and forge a relationship of trust and collaboration on this journey inwards, it can confronting to look at our shadows but the reward of letting them drop away can be life changing. We really hope you reach out to us and start your journey.
We are a group of skilled Clinical Psychologists that specialise in a wide range of mental health challenges. We assess and tailor effective treatment for mental health challenges such as anxiety, depression, stress, trauma, attachment issues, difficulties with relationships, self-esteem issues, body dysmorphia, and parenting challenges. We love to work and forge a relationship of trust and collaboration on this journey inwards, it can confronting to look at our shadows but the reward of letting them drop away can be life changing. We really hope you reach out to us and start your journey.
(02) 9159 6616 View (02) 9159 6616
Photo of Tori Dyson, MPsych, MACPA Assoc, Psychologist
Tori Dyson
Psychologist, MPsych, MACPA Assoc
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Balgownie, NSW 2519
It’s always nice to know a bit more about the person you are about to work closely with on your mental health journey, so here is a bit more about me. I completed my clinical psychology training with the University of Wollongong working within the public health and NGO sectors working with children, adolescents, adults, and families experiencing mental health distress. I am quite excited to bring my skills and experience to the private sector with the Inner Calm team.
It’s always nice to know a bit more about the person you are about to work closely with on your mental health journey, so here is a bit more about me. I completed my clinical psychology training with the University of Wollongong working within the public health and NGO sectors working with children, adolescents, adults, and families experiencing mental health distress. I am quite excited to bring my skills and experience to the private sector with the Inner Calm team.
(02) 4214 8014 View (02) 4214 8014
Photo of Sheree Blanch, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Sheree Blanch
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Balgownie, NSW 2519
I have several years’ experience in supporting adolescents, adults and parents using a collaborative treatment approach. Depending on your needs and preferences my therapeutic approach draws on several evidence-based models including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Interpersonal Therapy, Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) and motivational interviewing.
I have several years’ experience in supporting adolescents, adults and parents using a collaborative treatment approach. Depending on your needs and preferences my therapeutic approach draws on several evidence-based models including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Interpersonal Therapy, Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) and motivational interviewing.
(02) 4210 5805 View (02) 4210 5805
Photo of Karen Towers, MA, PACFA, Counsellor
Karen Towers
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Balgownie, NSW 2519
Waitlist for new clients
Towers Counselling is a creative & personal service for all ages. I have over 30 years of experience with children and teenagers. I'm now a counsellor & psychotherapist with 13 years of experience in working with carers, in an alcohol and drug service, with clients referred through centrelink and in EAP counselling. I currently work in private practice. Clients under the NDIS scheme who are self and plan-managed are able to access sessions. Art Therapy & Walk and Talk Therapy can make up part of an hourly session, every week or fortnight. I am also a Victims Services counsellor, ready to assist with moving on from trauma.
Towers Counselling is a creative & personal service for all ages. I have over 30 years of experience with children and teenagers. I'm now a counsellor & psychotherapist with 13 years of experience in working with carers, in an alcohol and drug service, with clients referred through centrelink and in EAP counselling. I currently work in private practice. Clients under the NDIS scheme who are self and plan-managed are able to access sessions. Art Therapy & Walk and Talk Therapy can make up part of an hourly session, every week or fortnight. I am also a Victims Services counsellor, ready to assist with moving on from trauma.
(02) 6189 2981 View (02) 6189 2981
Photo of Sharon Wallace - Core Counselling Services, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Core Counselling Services
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Balgownie, NSW 2519
Are you experiencing difficulty in life at the moment? I help clients address problems in a positive way by helping to clarify the issues, increase self-awareness, empower, explore options and develop strategies . As an experienced and Registered Counsellor, I provide a safe place to be heard and feel valued. I help clients question things which can help them understand why they occur at a deeper level, and provide practical tools so they feel inspired to create the change they're looking for. ​​
Are you experiencing difficulty in life at the moment? I help clients address problems in a positive way by helping to clarify the issues, increase self-awareness, empower, explore options and develop strategies . As an experienced and Registered Counsellor, I provide a safe place to be heard and feel valued. I help clients question things which can help them understand why they occur at a deeper level, and provide practical tools so they feel inspired to create the change they're looking for. ​​
(02) 4214 8086 View (02) 4214 8086
Photo of Tracey Fairweather - The Counselling Therapist, PACFA, Counsellor
Tracey Fairweather - The Counselling Therapist
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Balgownie, NSW 2519
Hello and welcome to your Counselling Therapist Tracey. I absolutely love my work in the helping profession and would be honoured to hear your story. At times our lives can be turned upside down or spiral out of control. We can feel overwhelmed, anxious and isolated not knowing how to manage these experiences. My aim as your therapist is to listen, support and walk along side you during these difficult times. I would assist in helping you find your inner strength to empower you on your journey to a more meaningful way of life.
Hello and welcome to your Counselling Therapist Tracey. I absolutely love my work in the helping profession and would be honoured to hear your story. At times our lives can be turned upside down or spiral out of control. We can feel overwhelmed, anxious and isolated not knowing how to manage these experiences. My aim as your therapist is to listen, support and walk along side you during these difficult times. I would assist in helping you find your inner strength to empower you on your journey to a more meaningful way of life.
(02) 4607 2752 View (02) 4607 2752
Photo of Sue White, PACFA, Counsellor
Sue White
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Balgownie, NSW 2519
Feeling stuck and battling with issues that are stopping you from living the life you know is waiting for you? Why not work through those problems in a supported way to get to where you want to be. Perhaps you are overcoming grief, wanting help with an addiction, needing help with personal relationships or wanting to build confidence, overcome anxiety and step out into the world feeling positive and calm. I'm here to help you in a non judgmental and inclusive way to overcome barriers and move forward.
Feeling stuck and battling with issues that are stopping you from living the life you know is waiting for you? Why not work through those problems in a supported way to get to where you want to be. Perhaps you are overcoming grief, wanting help with an addiction, needing help with personal relationships or wanting to build confidence, overcome anxiety and step out into the world feeling positive and calm. I'm here to help you in a non judgmental and inclusive way to overcome barriers and move forward.
(02) 4210 5759 View (02) 4210 5759

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Kirstin Robertson-Gillam, PhD, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Kirstin Robertson-Gillam
Psychotherapist, PhD, PACFA
Verified Verified
Wollongong, NSW 2500  (Online Only)
Neurological conditions affect both the patient and their family. I offer my services to both. Neurological disorders are doubtless among the most frightening illnesses that human beings face. Knowledge is sometimes the only power there is against the vagaries of these ailments. That is where counselling from a specialist psychotherapist comes in. I will make an assessment of the patient’s condition and take a medical history. I will also work with the patient’s doctor to coordinate the psychotherapy with medical treatment. I offer sessions by Phone, Skype, FaceTime and ZOOM. Call me and let’s discuss possible therapeutic options.
Neurological conditions affect both the patient and their family. I offer my services to both. Neurological disorders are doubtless among the most frightening illnesses that human beings face. Knowledge is sometimes the only power there is against the vagaries of these ailments. That is where counselling from a specialist psychotherapist comes in. I will make an assessment of the patient’s condition and take a medical history. I will also work with the patient’s doctor to coordinate the psychotherapy with medical treatment. I offer sessions by Phone, Skype, FaceTime and ZOOM. Call me and let’s discuss possible therapeutic options.
(02) 6188 7349 View (02) 6188 7349
Photo of Dr Aharon, Assoc MAPS, Counsellor
Dr Aharon Aharon
Counsellor, Assoc MAPS
Verified Verified
Wollongong, NSW 2500
Nationally Accredited Mediator (NMAS) and a Family Dispute Resolution Practitioner (FDRP). All matters can be mediated - Separation, Family & Children Matters, Property & Asset Settlement, Employer-Employee, School-Parent, Neighbour-neighbour & referrals from the Family Court. Mediation is an informal and less traumatic process than dealing with costly lawyers and traumatic court hearings. After mediation there can be followup counselling. If you have any issues which need mediation call me to discuss your situation. Not all relationships can be preserved, unfortunately, but through mediation an amicable solution may be reached
Nationally Accredited Mediator (NMAS) and a Family Dispute Resolution Practitioner (FDRP). All matters can be mediated - Separation, Family & Children Matters, Property & Asset Settlement, Employer-Employee, School-Parent, Neighbour-neighbour & referrals from the Family Court. Mediation is an informal and less traumatic process than dealing with costly lawyers and traumatic court hearings. After mediation there can be followup counselling. If you have any issues which need mediation call me to discuss your situation. Not all relationships can be preserved, unfortunately, but through mediation an amicable solution may be reached
(02) 4210 5049 View (02) 4210 5049
Photo of Dr Lucy Hobby, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dr Lucy Hobby
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Fairy Meadow, NSW 2519
I am a Clinical Psychologist who is passionate about supporting people to recover from the enduring effects of trauma utilising a strengths-based approach and therapeutic modalities such as DBT and EMDR.
I am a Clinical Psychologist who is passionate about supporting people to recover from the enduring effects of trauma utilising a strengths-based approach and therapeutic modalities such as DBT and EMDR.
(02) 4214 4404 View (02) 4214 4404
Photo of Adam Ryan Park - Adam Ryan Park - The Curiosity Space, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Adam Ryan Park - The Curiosity Space
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Wollongong, NSW 2500  (Online Only)
Many of my clients are exhausted from a life in which everyone else's needs have always been made more important than their own. From the earliest age, they weren't supported to have boundaries, and now find themselves struggling with self-esteem, low mood, anxiety, problems with keeping supportive friendships and partnerships alive, struggling to assert themselves at work or cope with professional demands, and feeling stuck in relationship dynamics in which they can't be their true self. They want to put their painful past behind them, and to have their needs recognised and allowed space going forward.
Many of my clients are exhausted from a life in which everyone else's needs have always been made more important than their own. From the earliest age, they weren't supported to have boundaries, and now find themselves struggling with self-esteem, low mood, anxiety, problems with keeping supportive friendships and partnerships alive, struggling to assert themselves at work or cope with professional demands, and feeling stuck in relationship dynamics in which they can't be their true self. They want to put their painful past behind them, and to have their needs recognised and allowed space going forward.
(03) 7003 2762 View (03) 7003 2762
Photo of Nivi (Nivedita) Malik, MA, Psychologist
Nivi (Nivedita) Malik
Psychologist, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wollongong, NSW 2500
I am a registered psychologist with over 14 years of clinical experience working with a wider range of range of client group in UK and Australia. Services that I deliver includes: Treatment for anxiety, depression, PTSD, behavioural difficulties and other mental health issues for children, adolescents, and adults. *Post and perinatal depression *Neurodevelopmental Disorders, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), ADHD *Cognitive Assessments: including WISC-V, WPPSI- IV, and *Parenting Skills Training for behavioural management of children and adolescents with challenging behaviours.
I am a registered psychologist with over 14 years of clinical experience working with a wider range of range of client group in UK and Australia. Services that I deliver includes: Treatment for anxiety, depression, PTSD, behavioural difficulties and other mental health issues for children, adolescents, and adults. *Post and perinatal depression *Neurodevelopmental Disorders, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), ADHD *Cognitive Assessments: including WISC-V, WPPSI- IV, and *Parenting Skills Training for behavioural management of children and adolescents with challenging behaviours.
(02) 4607 2716 View (02) 4607 2716
Photo of Sarah Conway, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Sarah Conway
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Wollongong, NSW 2500
Immediate availability to see children, adolescents and their families.
Immediate availability to see children, adolescents and their families.
(02) 4214 8821 View (02) 4214 8821
Photo of Dr Adam Vujic, PhD, Assoc MAPS, Psychologist
Dr Adam Vujic
Psychologist, PhD, Assoc MAPS
Verified Verified
Wollongong, NSW 2500
Adam is a Clinical Neuropsychologist and the founder of Measured Minds, a practice that provides tailored neuropsychological services. The practice is focused on two key areas: 1. Comprehensive neuropsychological assessments (e.g., NDIS applications/reviews, suspected ADHD, developmental disorders, and other brain-related conditions); and 2. Cognitive intervention/remediation (e.g., assisting individuals with ADHD, cognitive decline, or another brain-related condition to overcome challenges). All sessions are designed to focus on your individual needs.
Adam is a Clinical Neuropsychologist and the founder of Measured Minds, a practice that provides tailored neuropsychological services. The practice is focused on two key areas: 1. Comprehensive neuropsychological assessments (e.g., NDIS applications/reviews, suspected ADHD, developmental disorders, and other brain-related conditions); and 2. Cognitive intervention/remediation (e.g., assisting individuals with ADHD, cognitive decline, or another brain-related condition to overcome challenges). All sessions are designed to focus on your individual needs.
(02) 4214 8718 View (02) 4214 8718
Photo of Sheena Takacs - Schema Therapy Wollongong, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Schema Therapy Wollongong
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Wollongong, NSW 2500
At Schema Therapy Wollongong, we are a team of psychologists dedicated to helping clients break the cycle of their self-defeating behaviour. We are passionate about Schema Therapy and have seen the real and lasting change it provides clients in their lives.
At Schema Therapy Wollongong, we are a team of psychologists dedicated to helping clients break the cycle of their self-defeating behaviour. We are passionate about Schema Therapy and have seen the real and lasting change it provides clients in their lives.
(02) 4210 5986 View (02) 4210 5986
Photo of Andrea Middling: Living Free Psychology, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Andrea Middling: Living Free Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wollongong, NSW 2500  (Online Only)
NOW accepting NEW clients & HAVE availability! “I offer trauma informed therapy in a safe and non- judgemental space, so you can work through whatever difficulties you are experiencing, live more mindfully and embrace your inner strengths & resources.” My style is warm and empathic, though I can challenge respectfully when needed. I regard the therapeutic relationship as team work and appreciate that it takes significant courage to reach for counselling.
NOW accepting NEW clients & HAVE availability! “I offer trauma informed therapy in a safe and non- judgemental space, so you can work through whatever difficulties you are experiencing, live more mindfully and embrace your inner strengths & resources.” My style is warm and empathic, though I can challenge respectfully when needed. I regard the therapeutic relationship as team work and appreciate that it takes significant courage to reach for counselling.
(07) 3214 3678 View (07) 3214 3678
Photo of Malika Ferry - Freedom Psychology and Life Coaching, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Freedom Psychology and Life Coaching
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wollongong, NSW 2500  (Online Only)
Welcome! I’m Malika, a clinical psychologist who only works via telehealth & with people 17 years old and above. Do you feel like it’s time to face what's holding you back? I’m passionate about helping people to overcome challenges, to find their authentic voice, heal, build their resilience, take charge of their lives, & reach their full potential. To do this I draw from evidence-based, collaborative & holistic methods, where I listen closely not just to understand a person’s challenges, but I also listen & ask questions to help people uncover & lean into their unique strengths, values, & goals.
Welcome! I’m Malika, a clinical psychologist who only works via telehealth & with people 17 years old and above. Do you feel like it’s time to face what's holding you back? I’m passionate about helping people to overcome challenges, to find their authentic voice, heal, build their resilience, take charge of their lives, & reach their full potential. To do this I draw from evidence-based, collaborative & holistic methods, where I listen closely not just to understand a person’s challenges, but I also listen & ask questions to help people uncover & lean into their unique strengths, values, & goals.
(02) 9100 0395 View (02) 9100 0395
Photo of Ayesha Nhem, PACFA, Counsellor
Ayesha Nhem
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wollongong, NSW 2500
Worries, frustrations, and disappointments are common in life. But no matter if your issues are current or recurrent, the right step is to seek help. Even if your problems right now feel like they're getting the best of you - know that there is help available for this! It takes courage to seek help and I'm glad you're here. You deserve to live a life that makes you excited to get up in the morning. As your therapist, I will help you deal with emotional and behavioural problems more effectively. ‌
Worries, frustrations, and disappointments are common in life. But no matter if your issues are current or recurrent, the right step is to seek help. Even if your problems right now feel like they're getting the best of you - know that there is help available for this! It takes courage to seek help and I'm glad you're here. You deserve to live a life that makes you excited to get up in the morning. As your therapist, I will help you deal with emotional and behavioural problems more effectively. ‌
(02) 4210 5091 View (02) 4210 5091
Photo of Elizabeth Fuentes: Living Free Psychology, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Elizabeth Fuentes: Living Free Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wollongong, NSW 2500  (Online Only)
NOW accepting NEW clients & HAVE availability "I am passionate about helping people live more purposeful lives. I use a warm and empathic therapist style, with a practical focus on collaboratively helping my clients move towards meaningful and achievable goals" Areas I am passionate to work with: Anxiety Disorders such as Social Phobia & Panic Disorder, Depression and Low self-esteem, Trauma and PTSD, Work/Life stressors, Self- improvement, Assertiveness and effective communication skills, Adjustment issues, Grief and loss, Interpersonal and family difficulties.
NOW accepting NEW clients & HAVE availability "I am passionate about helping people live more purposeful lives. I use a warm and empathic therapist style, with a practical focus on collaboratively helping my clients move towards meaningful and achievable goals" Areas I am passionate to work with: Anxiety Disorders such as Social Phobia & Panic Disorder, Depression and Low self-esteem, Trauma and PTSD, Work/Life stressors, Self- improvement, Assertiveness and effective communication skills, Adjustment issues, Grief and loss, Interpersonal and family difficulties.
0468 887 908 View 0468 887 908

See more therapy options for Balgownie

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Balgownie, NSW

< 10

Counsellors in Balgownie, NSW who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
75% Depression
75% Parenting
75% Trauma and PTSD
63% Family Conflict
63% Coping Skills
63% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

9 Years

Gender breakdown

86% Female
14% Male

How Counsellors in Balgownie, NSW see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Balgownie?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.