Photo of Amanda Oliver, MA, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Amanda Oliver
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Perth, WA 6005
I am a Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist specialising in adolescents & adults. Formerly a high school teacher, I have a natural ability to quickly develop relationships with teenagers and specialise in complex issues often affecting adolescents and their families. These issues often recur in adult relationships affecting daily life. By processing and understanding the past, it opens up a way to be able to move forward & improve current relations. I am passionate about not just alleviating symptoms but helping you to understand and resolve patterns of behaviour. Working together, we determine goals and the direction of your therapy.
I am a Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist specialising in adolescents & adults. Formerly a high school teacher, I have a natural ability to quickly develop relationships with teenagers and specialise in complex issues often affecting adolescents and their families. These issues often recur in adult relationships affecting daily life. By processing and understanding the past, it opens up a way to be able to move forward & improve current relations. I am passionate about not just alleviating symptoms but helping you to understand and resolve patterns of behaviour. Working together, we determine goals and the direction of your therapy.
(08) 7079 4452 View (08) 7079 4452
Photo of Jean-Pierre Menage, AMHSW, Psychotherapist
Jean-Pierre Menage
Psychotherapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Are you feeling distressed, anxious or traumatised by historical or recent experiences? I can help you alleviate, transcend or transform these symptoms, and reclaim psycho-social and emotional wellbeing. The stories we tell about current events and memories of past episodes in our lives profoundly impact on us and our loved ones. Good therapy relies upon us forming sufficient mutual trust and compassion to discuss and interpret personal matters. I look forward to hearing your story and helping you revise retellings of it that firm your resolve to follow your preferred path towards life with less distress, or completely free of it.
Are you feeling distressed, anxious or traumatised by historical or recent experiences? I can help you alleviate, transcend or transform these symptoms, and reclaim psycho-social and emotional wellbeing. The stories we tell about current events and memories of past episodes in our lives profoundly impact on us and our loved ones. Good therapy relies upon us forming sufficient mutual trust and compassion to discuss and interpret personal matters. I look forward to hearing your story and helping you revise retellings of it that firm your resolve to follow your preferred path towards life with less distress, or completely free of it.
(08) 6490 9884 View (08) 6490 9884
Photo of Marianne Poller, PhD, MAPS, Psychologist
Marianne Poller
Psychologist, PhD, MAPS
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I am a clinical psychologist who works with a wide range of presenting issues in adults including mood and anxiety disorders, grief and loss, life transitions, identity and self-esteem, body image and eating issues, family or origin issues, work/life balance and stress and adjustment. I enjoy empowering people through gentle respect, acceptance and various therapeutic models to enable them to live meaningfully enriched lives as defined by themselves.
I am a clinical psychologist who works with a wide range of presenting issues in adults including mood and anxiety disorders, grief and loss, life transitions, identity and self-esteem, body image and eating issues, family or origin issues, work/life balance and stress and adjustment. I enjoy empowering people through gentle respect, acceptance and various therapeutic models to enable them to live meaningfully enriched lives as defined by themselves.
(08) 6490 9787 View (08) 6490 9787
Photo of Susanna B Juchli, MSc, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Susanna B Juchli
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Do emotions sometimes become too painful and overwhelming? Taking that first step to contact someone for help can be very difficult. Establishing a caring therapeutic relationship attuned to individual needs is central to Susanna’s work. As research supports, the therapeutic relationship is the most powerful determinant of a positive outcome in psychotherapy. Susanna encourages her clients to explore and become aware how early experiences shape their present thoughts and behaviours. Gaining a greater understanding of their circumstances, allows for an empowered sense of their ability to create positive change.
Do emotions sometimes become too painful and overwhelming? Taking that first step to contact someone for help can be very difficult. Establishing a caring therapeutic relationship attuned to individual needs is central to Susanna’s work. As research supports, the therapeutic relationship is the most powerful determinant of a positive outcome in psychotherapy. Susanna encourages her clients to explore and become aware how early experiences shape their present thoughts and behaviours. Gaining a greater understanding of their circumstances, allows for an empowered sense of their ability to create positive change.
0498 116 684 View 0498 116 684
Photo of Hugo M Gonzales - COPE - Centre of Psychological Enrichment, PhD, MAPS, Psychologist
COPE - Centre of Psychological Enrichment
Psychologist, PhD, MAPS
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Our practice offers a broad range of services including assessment and therapy for individuals, couples, children, families, workplaces and groups. We offer treatment for a wide range of mental health issues including (but not limited to): depression, anxiety, trauma and PTSD, stress/anger management, grief, addictive behaviours, self-esteem, relationship problems, sleeping problems, child behavioural and emotional problems, pain management and resilience. Our goal is to ensure the highest standard of evidenced based psychological intervention, psychometric testing and assessment.
Our practice offers a broad range of services including assessment and therapy for individuals, couples, children, families, workplaces and groups. We offer treatment for a wide range of mental health issues including (but not limited to): depression, anxiety, trauma and PTSD, stress/anger management, grief, addictive behaviours, self-esteem, relationship problems, sleeping problems, child behavioural and emotional problems, pain management and resilience. Our goal is to ensure the highest standard of evidenced based psychological intervention, psychometric testing and assessment.
(08) 7078 8301 View (08) 7078 8301
Photo of Ryan D Jenkins, PhD, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Ryan D Jenkins
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Having been trained in multiple therapeutic approaches, I work with clients to help them feel empowered and learn additional emotional and psychological tools designed to strengthen them in all areas of their life. I work with all ages of adults and children across a range of different challenges.
Having been trained in multiple therapeutic approaches, I work with clients to help them feel empowered and learn additional emotional and psychological tools designed to strengthen them in all areas of their life. I work with all ages of adults and children across a range of different challenges.
(08) 6493 7007 View (08) 6493 7007
Photo of Dr David Preece, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dr David Preece
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I'm a Clinical Psychologist and Director at the Psychology Centre of Western Australia. I'm also a Senior Lecturer at Curtin University, where I train new psychologists and research emotion regulation. I have published over 80 journal articles and book chapters in the psychology field. In therapy, I enjoy working with people to help them achieve their goals and live more fulfilling lives. My work often focuses on helping people to better understand, process, and manage their emotions, thoughts, and behaviours. This can be in terms of addressing mental health difficulties (e.g., depression, anxiety) or for personal development.
I'm a Clinical Psychologist and Director at the Psychology Centre of Western Australia. I'm also a Senior Lecturer at Curtin University, where I train new psychologists and research emotion regulation. I have published over 80 journal articles and book chapters in the psychology field. In therapy, I enjoy working with people to help them achieve their goals and live more fulfilling lives. My work often focuses on helping people to better understand, process, and manage their emotions, thoughts, and behaviours. This can be in terms of addressing mental health difficulties (e.g., depression, anxiety) or for personal development.
(08) 6490 9979 View (08) 6490 9979
Photo of Dr Sandra Basham, PhD, Counsellor
Dr Sandra Basham
Counsellor, PhD
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I work as a clinical supervisor, psycho educator and therapist. My clinical focus is on supervision, though I do take new clients to keep my skills current. I am a postgraduate trained counsellor and sexologist. My training and background is in child sexual abuse, trauma & attachment, sexual difficulties and religious abuse resulting in trauma. I use multiple therapeutic modalities within the supervisory or counselling relationship. We will work together using person-centred, family systems, narrative, IFS, ACT, Somatic, artistic and Trauma Focused methods.
I work as a clinical supervisor, psycho educator and therapist. My clinical focus is on supervision, though I do take new clients to keep my skills current. I am a postgraduate trained counsellor and sexologist. My training and background is in child sexual abuse, trauma & attachment, sexual difficulties and religious abuse resulting in trauma. I use multiple therapeutic modalities within the supervisory or counselling relationship. We will work together using person-centred, family systems, narrative, IFS, ACT, Somatic, artistic and Trauma Focused methods.
(08) 6493 7204 View (08) 6493 7204
Photo of Scott Alfonso, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Scott Alfonso
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Scott holds a Master's degree in Counselling and is passionate about holistic mental heath care. With a solid foundation as a Yoga teacher and a background of over 20 years in the culinary industry he offers a unique and insightful approach to his therapeutic work. In addition to working with individuals and couples wanting to foster mental wellbeing in their lives and relationships, Scott also has experience in working with individuals living with disabilities.
Scott holds a Master's degree in Counselling and is passionate about holistic mental heath care. With a solid foundation as a Yoga teacher and a background of over 20 years in the culinary industry he offers a unique and insightful approach to his therapeutic work. In addition to working with individuals and couples wanting to foster mental wellbeing in their lives and relationships, Scott also has experience in working with individuals living with disabilities.
(08) 6493 7666 View (08) 6493 7666
Photo of Sarah Holloway, MAPS, Psychologist
Sarah Holloway
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
The fact that you are reading this means that you are already taking steps to improve your wellbeing. Starting therapy can feel like a big step, and I hope that I may be able to make it an enjoyable and very worthwhile step. I work with adults and adolescents for a range of emotional difficulties, such as anxiety, difficulty regulating emotions, self-harming and suicidal ideation, and low self-worth. I aim to work collaboratively with my clients to find the right way to improve the quality of their daily life in a sustainable way, to minimise discomfort. This is a welcoming space, free of judgement.
The fact that you are reading this means that you are already taking steps to improve your wellbeing. Starting therapy can feel like a big step, and I hope that I may be able to make it an enjoyable and very worthwhile step. I work with adults and adolescents for a range of emotional difficulties, such as anxiety, difficulty regulating emotions, self-harming and suicidal ideation, and low self-worth. I aim to work collaboratively with my clients to find the right way to improve the quality of their daily life in a sustainable way, to minimise discomfort. This is a welcoming space, free of judgement.
(08) 6493 7133 View (08) 6493 7133
Photo of Jess Gilbert, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Jess Gilbert
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I am a Clinical Psychology Registrar who is warm, compassionate, and grounded. I work with adults to provide psychological care for a range of presentations including depression and anxiety, stress, relational issues, identity, with a particular interest in supporting LGBTQA+ people. I believe the foundation of therapy is the therapeutic relationship; I bring genuine empathy and create a supportive, authentic, and collaborative space for clients to explore and understand their issues and themselves.
I am a Clinical Psychology Registrar who is warm, compassionate, and grounded. I work with adults to provide psychological care for a range of presentations including depression and anxiety, stress, relational issues, identity, with a particular interest in supporting LGBTQA+ people. I believe the foundation of therapy is the therapeutic relationship; I bring genuine empathy and create a supportive, authentic, and collaborative space for clients to explore and understand their issues and themselves.
(08) 6493 7670 View (08) 6493 7670
Photo of Brodie Cooper - Connex Relating, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Connex Relating
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Waitlist for new clients
I provide neurodivergent affirming counselling for ADHD and Autistic adults.
I provide neurodivergent affirming counselling for ADHD and Autistic adults.
(08) 6493 7265 View (08) 6493 7265
Photo of Leah Monique Dudley, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Leah Monique Dudley
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I work with a range of presentations in adolescents to mid to late adulthood, including: Recovery from depression, Anxiety, Eating-related disorders (particularly Binge Eating Disorder & Bulimia Nervosa, destigmatizing weight, and reducing diet culture), body image challenges and disordered exercising, Relationship difficulties, Career challenges and coaching, Complex trauma and PTSD, Adult late ADHD diagnosis – especially in women, and with Defence Veterans Australia.
I work with a range of presentations in adolescents to mid to late adulthood, including: Recovery from depression, Anxiety, Eating-related disorders (particularly Binge Eating Disorder & Bulimia Nervosa, destigmatizing weight, and reducing diet culture), body image challenges and disordered exercising, Relationship difficulties, Career challenges and coaching, Complex trauma and PTSD, Adult late ADHD diagnosis – especially in women, and with Defence Veterans Australia.
(08) 6493 7471 View (08) 6493 7471
Photo of Dylan Kirkpatrick, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dylan Kirkpatrick
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I am experienced in working with adolescents, adults and couples. I take an open and collaborative approach to best understand what has brought you to see me, and how best I can assist you in meeting your unique mental health goals. I uses techniques from a range of evidence based approaches to support my clients.
I am experienced in working with adolescents, adults and couples. I take an open and collaborative approach to best understand what has brought you to see me, and how best I can assist you in meeting your unique mental health goals. I uses techniques from a range of evidence based approaches to support my clients.
(08) 6118 7280 View (08) 6118 7280
Photo of Mary Scott, MPsych, MAPS, Psychologist
Mary Scott
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Therapy can be beneficial when something has challenged our usual ways of coping or because of an awareness that something in our lives doesn't feel right. Triggers might include anxiety, anger or low mood, illness such as cancer or a heart condition, increased stress, relationship problems, bereavement, or a life transition. You might be looking for emotional support as well as a "road map" and some "navigational skills" to help find the best path for you.
Therapy can be beneficial when something has challenged our usual ways of coping or because of an awareness that something in our lives doesn't feel right. Triggers might include anxiety, anger or low mood, illness such as cancer or a heart condition, increased stress, relationship problems, bereavement, or a life transition. You might be looking for emotional support as well as a "road map" and some "navigational skills" to help find the best path for you.
(08) 6118 7139 View (08) 6118 7139
Photo of Vicki Roxburgh, MA, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Vicki Roxburgh
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Vicki has extensive experience assisting adults with a variety of presenting issues including: anxiety, depression, trauma, interpersonal and relationship difficulties, addiction, adjustment issues, grief and loss. She has a warm and client-centred approach and is passionate about building trust and safety in the client-therapist relationship. She utilises a variety of evidence-based approaches and will tailor therapy to meet the individual treatment needs of each client. Vicki has a special interest in schema therapy and assisting people to recover from attachment issues that developed early in life.
Vicki has extensive experience assisting adults with a variety of presenting issues including: anxiety, depression, trauma, interpersonal and relationship difficulties, addiction, adjustment issues, grief and loss. She has a warm and client-centred approach and is passionate about building trust and safety in the client-therapist relationship. She utilises a variety of evidence-based approaches and will tailor therapy to meet the individual treatment needs of each client. Vicki has a special interest in schema therapy and assisting people to recover from attachment issues that developed early in life.
(08) 6490 9753 View (08) 6490 9753
Photo of Chelsea Northcott, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Chelsea Northcott
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Chelsea is a compassionate, down-to-earth therapist who truly enjoys her work and feels the deepest respect for all clients she works with. She has experience in the treatment of a broad range of mental health difficulties, having worked in private and public psychiatric hospitals, community youth centres, and women’s health clinics.
Chelsea is a compassionate, down-to-earth therapist who truly enjoys her work and feels the deepest respect for all clients she works with. She has experience in the treatment of a broad range of mental health difficulties, having worked in private and public psychiatric hospitals, community youth centres, and women’s health clinics.
(08) 7078 7522 View (08) 7078 7522
Photo of Melissa Burns, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Melissa Burns
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I have immediate availability I am an experienced psychologist based in West Perth, dedicated to providing professional and compassionate care to my clients. I provide a warm and empathetic approach in sessions, to establish a safe and non-judgmental environment to help foster a therapeutic alliance, facilitating the process of healing and growth. My goal is to empower my clients to overcome their challenges and achieve their personal goals. I specialise in a wide range of mental health issues, including anxiety disorders, depression, parenting concerns, stress management, and relationship concerns.
I have immediate availability I am an experienced psychologist based in West Perth, dedicated to providing professional and compassionate care to my clients. I provide a warm and empathetic approach in sessions, to establish a safe and non-judgmental environment to help foster a therapeutic alliance, facilitating the process of healing and growth. My goal is to empower my clients to overcome their challenges and achieve their personal goals. I specialise in a wide range of mental health issues, including anxiety disorders, depression, parenting concerns, stress management, and relationship concerns.
(08) 6490 9084 View (08) 6490 9084
Photo of Pamela Lam - Sprig Psychology, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Sprig Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Perth, WA 6005
Pamela Lam is a Singaporean-born Clinical Psychologist with 7 years of experience seeing clients in a variety of role, including in a hospital's outpatient Sleep Clinic, Child Protection and Family services, and Private Practice. Currently, Pam is working in a University as an in-house counsellor. Pam especially enjoys working with clients from different cultures as well as clients navigating life or familial transitions. She is intimately familiar with the experiences of those who have migrated, and who are trying to reconcile the culture of their home/family with the often different culture of the society they now live in.
Pamela Lam is a Singaporean-born Clinical Psychologist with 7 years of experience seeing clients in a variety of role, including in a hospital's outpatient Sleep Clinic, Child Protection and Family services, and Private Practice. Currently, Pam is working in a University as an in-house counsellor. Pam especially enjoys working with clients from different cultures as well as clients navigating life or familial transitions. She is intimately familiar with the experiences of those who have migrated, and who are trying to reconcile the culture of their home/family with the often different culture of the society they now live in.
(08) 6493 7472 View (08) 6493 7472
Photo of Oliver Aguilar, MA, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Oliver Aguilar
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
West Perth, WA 6005
The way I work is interactive, collaborative, intuitive, and respectful. I work analytically with my clients by investigating how early childhood experiences have shaped current thinking and behaviours. We explore the links between unconscious and conscious thoughts, symbolism, beliefs, emotions, desires, and how they impact daily life. The work lies within the unconscious to conscious links, how one relates to their world, allowing unspoken languages of the body to express deeply felt emotions and thought patterns. As your ‘story’ unfolds, together we work to find meanings, diverse perspectives, and solutions to your concerns.
The way I work is interactive, collaborative, intuitive, and respectful. I work analytically with my clients by investigating how early childhood experiences have shaped current thinking and behaviours. We explore the links between unconscious and conscious thoughts, symbolism, beliefs, emotions, desires, and how they impact daily life. The work lies within the unconscious to conscious links, how one relates to their world, allowing unspoken languages of the body to express deeply felt emotions and thought patterns. As your ‘story’ unfolds, together we work to find meanings, diverse perspectives, and solutions to your concerns.
(08) 7701 9507 View (08) 7701 9507

See more therapy options for 6005

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in 6005

70+

Average cost per session

$200

Counsellors in 6005 who prioritize treating:

87% Anxiety
85% Depression
83% Stress
75% Relationship Issues
69% Coping Skills
69% Self Esteem
65% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Medicare Rebates
43% NDIS
35% Bupa

How Counsellors in 6005 see their clients

96% In Person and Online
4% Online Only

Gender breakdown

69% Female
30% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in 6005?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.