Janis Lee
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Berwick, VIC 3806
With more than 20 years experience working in trauma, community mental health, and as a former school psychologist & Headspace clinician, I offer powerful psychological therapies and tools to overcome whatever issues are causing distress and impact negatively on your ability to cope with your life. I work with people struggling to cope with depression & anxiety, family & domestic violence & trauma including first responders & victims of crime, or needing help with a new direction or career, school-based issues including bullying, identity and parenting, serious illness & chronic pain, or wanting to be the best version of yourself.
With more than 20 years experience working in trauma, community mental health, and as a former school psychologist & Headspace clinician, I offer powerful psychological therapies and tools to overcome whatever issues are causing distress and impact negatively on your ability to cope with your life. I work with people struggling to cope with depression & anxiety, family & domestic violence & trauma including first responders & victims of crime, or needing help with a new direction or career, school-based issues including bullying, identity and parenting, serious illness & chronic pain, or wanting to be the best version of yourself.
(03) 5924 0082 View (03) 5924 0082
Photo of Kati Hambleton, Psychologist in 3806, VIC
Kati Hambleton
Psychologist, Assoc MAPS
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
I am a mature age Psychologist, who has been in private practice since 1998. I have experience in many fields of Psychology and have assisted, both couples, adolescents and individuals to understand and work through the mental health obstacles they are facing.
I am a mature age Psychologist, who has been in private practice since 1998. I have experience in many fields of Psychology and have assisted, both couples, adolescents and individuals to understand and work through the mental health obstacles they are facing.
(03) 8771 4774 View (03) 8771 4774
Photo of Winnicott Psychology Clinic, Psychologist in 3806, VIC
Winnicott Psychology Clinic
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Berwick, VIC 3806
Learn how to manage your anxiety and depression. Our therapists will assess your symptoms, help you make sense of them in the context of your past experiences, and coach you in applying powerful skills to thinking and feeling. You can learn to feel in control of your emotions.
Learn how to manage your anxiety and depression. Our therapists will assess your symptoms, help you make sense of them in the context of your past experiences, and coach you in applying powerful skills to thinking and feeling. You can learn to feel in control of your emotions.
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Photo of Fiona Gabriel, Counsellor in 3806, VIC
Fiona Gabriel
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Berwick, VIC 3806
My passion is for people in need of change. As a trained Counsellor, I provide a compassionate and safe environment for adults, couples and young people to explore their concerns in order to achieve solution-focussed outcomes. I believe that with the assistance of Counselling, clients are able to overcome the deep traumas of life, finding healing and wholeness. I use a combination of modalities including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) and Psychodynamic Therapy.
My passion is for people in need of change. As a trained Counsellor, I provide a compassionate and safe environment for adults, couples and young people to explore their concerns in order to achieve solution-focussed outcomes. I believe that with the assistance of Counselling, clients are able to overcome the deep traumas of life, finding healing and wholeness. I use a combination of modalities including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) and Psychodynamic Therapy.
(03) 8771 5942 View (03) 8771 5942
Photo of Tina Corcoran, Psychotherapist in 3806, VIC
Tina Corcoran
Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Berwick, VIC 3806
My goal as a Creative Counsellor is to assist my clients of all ages to gain a quality of life that is enriched with possibilities, and to embrace change with more confidence and mindfulness. It is my intention for you to gain a sense of worth, and to explore these feelings together one step at a time through engagement with creative experiences on offer. No artistic skills are needed to experience the positive effects Art Therapy can offer. It is centred around your own interests, and what is resonating with you in the present moment, while we discover and clarify the issues at hand in a safe and therapeutic environment.
My goal as a Creative Counsellor is to assist my clients of all ages to gain a quality of life that is enriched with possibilities, and to embrace change with more confidence and mindfulness. It is my intention for you to gain a sense of worth, and to explore these feelings together one step at a time through engagement with creative experiences on offer. No artistic skills are needed to experience the positive effects Art Therapy can offer. It is centred around your own interests, and what is resonating with you in the present moment, while we discover and clarify the issues at hand in a safe and therapeutic environment.
(03) 8657 9464 View (03) 8657 9464
Photo of Berwick Psychology & Hypnosis, Psychologist in 3806, VIC
Berwick Psychology & Hypnosis
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
I help women with body image dissatisfaction and eating concerns resolve underlying beliefs, traumas, experiences, cognitions, patterns and behaviours related to their food, weight and body image. I am deeply passionate about helping women heal their core psychological and spiritual wounds so they can live a life of joy, freedom and self-love. I employ modalities such as EMDR, EFT, interpersonal, schema, hypnotherapy and ACT.
I help women with body image dissatisfaction and eating concerns resolve underlying beliefs, traumas, experiences, cognitions, patterns and behaviours related to their food, weight and body image. I am deeply passionate about helping women heal their core psychological and spiritual wounds so they can live a life of joy, freedom and self-love. I employ modalities such as EMDR, EFT, interpersonal, schema, hypnotherapy and ACT.
(03) 8771 5072 View (03) 8771 5072
Photo of Dom Lawrenson Counselling, Counsellor in 3806, VIC
Dom Lawrenson Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
Dom brings a friendly and relaxed atmosphere to counselling with individuals and couples. During his time in private practice, he has conducted in excess of 4000 sessions with clients from very diverse backgrounds and experiences. He is an enthusiastic member of the ACA (Australian Counselling Association) as well as an accredited Supervisor to other counsellors. He continually builds on his expertise and knowledge so he can provide the highest level of care and assistance. In providing a non-judgmental space Dom always strives to create an encouraging environment that helps his clients speak and express themselves freely.
Dom brings a friendly and relaxed atmosphere to counselling with individuals and couples. During his time in private practice, he has conducted in excess of 4000 sessions with clients from very diverse backgrounds and experiences. He is an enthusiastic member of the ACA (Australian Counselling Association) as well as an accredited Supervisor to other counsellors. He continually builds on his expertise and knowledge so he can provide the highest level of care and assistance. In providing a non-judgmental space Dom always strives to create an encouraging environment that helps his clients speak and express themselves freely.
(03) 8797 5423 View (03) 8797 5423
Photo of Edita Manak, Psychologist in 3806, VIC
Edita Manak
Psychologist, MPsych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Berwick, VIC 3806
Edita is very passionate about helping children, adolescents and their families improve their quality of life, build resilience and strong connections and relationships with significant others. Edita often sees clients who are anxious, have behavioral difficulties, experienced some form of trauma (domestic violence, death, bullying, parental separation etc) or require assistance in building new skills such as social skills or assertiveness.
Edita is very passionate about helping children, adolescents and their families improve their quality of life, build resilience and strong connections and relationships with significant others. Edita often sees clients who are anxious, have behavioral difficulties, experienced some form of trauma (domestic violence, death, bullying, parental separation etc) or require assistance in building new skills such as social skills or assertiveness.
(08) 8514 9930 View (08) 8514 9930
Photo of Angeline May, Psychologist in 3806, VIC
Angeline May
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
I practice out of The Middle Path Psychology Group in Berwick, Melbourne. I conduct assessment and treatment of several mental health conditions, including; anxiety, depression, trauma, grief/loss, emotion dysregulation, personality disorders, and relationship difficulties. My interest and experience are treating individuals with complex trauma, PTSD, and borderline personality disorder (BPD). I am Intensively-Trained in Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), a gold standard treatment for BPD Furthermore, my experience includes working with adolescents and parents utilising a DBT framework.
I practice out of The Middle Path Psychology Group in Berwick, Melbourne. I conduct assessment and treatment of several mental health conditions, including; anxiety, depression, trauma, grief/loss, emotion dysregulation, personality disorders, and relationship difficulties. My interest and experience are treating individuals with complex trauma, PTSD, and borderline personality disorder (BPD). I am Intensively-Trained in Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), a gold standard treatment for BPD Furthermore, my experience includes working with adolescents and parents utilising a DBT framework.
(03) 8771 5804 View (03) 8771 5804
Photo of Tanya Francois, Counsellor in 3806, VIC
Tanya Francois
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
Welcome to a transformative journey towards a healthier and happier you! I offer you a holistic blend of counselling, hypnotherapy, and holistic coaching, all personalized to suit your unique needs. I specialize in helping clients navigate through life's challenges and achieve their personal goals. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, or depression, seeking to boost your self-belief, wanting to overcome your fears or phobias, relieve your pain, find relief from insomnia, lose weight or preminatly quit smoking. I’m ready to support you.
Welcome to a transformative journey towards a healthier and happier you! I offer you a holistic blend of counselling, hypnotherapy, and holistic coaching, all personalized to suit your unique needs. I specialize in helping clients navigate through life's challenges and achieve their personal goals. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, or depression, seeking to boost your self-belief, wanting to overcome your fears or phobias, relieve your pain, find relief from insomnia, lose weight or preminatly quit smoking. I’m ready to support you.
(03) 8771 5929 View (03) 8771 5929
Photo of Daniel Valladares, Psychologist in 3806, VIC
Daniel Valladares
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Berwick, VIC 3806
I'm a Clinical Psychologist in Berwick, Victoria. I'm experienced in treating depression, anxiety/panic, loneliness, low self-esteem, adjustment concerns, PTSD/trauma, OCD, borderline personality disorder (BPD), self-harm and suicidal behaviours, anger/aggression, addictions, and emotion dysregulation. I also conduct Autism, Cognitive, and ADHD assessments. I aim to bring a compassionate and active nature to your therapy journey, blending evidence-based tools, clinical experience, and a warm approach, to help obtain improved psychological and emotional well-being.
I'm a Clinical Psychologist in Berwick, Victoria. I'm experienced in treating depression, anxiety/panic, loneliness, low self-esteem, adjustment concerns, PTSD/trauma, OCD, borderline personality disorder (BPD), self-harm and suicidal behaviours, anger/aggression, addictions, and emotion dysregulation. I also conduct Autism, Cognitive, and ADHD assessments. I aim to bring a compassionate and active nature to your therapy journey, blending evidence-based tools, clinical experience, and a warm approach, to help obtain improved psychological and emotional well-being.
(03) 8771 4138 View (03) 8771 4138
Photo of Nicole Conner, Counsellor in 3806, VIC
Nicole Conner
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
I believe that the stories we tell ourselves shape our lives, our identity, and our sense of 'place' in this world. We can impact and transform our lives by exploring how we engage with our life stories - by learning to tell our stories in ways that make us stronger. Narrative Therapy, to me, is a respectful and hope-filled counseling method that connects a client with their agency and stories, empowering them to shape a different future.
I believe that the stories we tell ourselves shape our lives, our identity, and our sense of 'place' in this world. We can impact and transform our lives by exploring how we engage with our life stories - by learning to tell our stories in ways that make us stronger. Narrative Therapy, to me, is a respectful and hope-filled counseling method that connects a client with their agency and stories, empowering them to shape a different future.
(03) 7003 2115 View (03) 7003 2115
Photo of Veritas Art Therapy, Psychotherapist in 3806, VIC
Veritas Art Therapy
Psychotherapist, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Berwick, VIC 3806
My gift and desire to help others use creative expression is what has me leaping out of bed each day. I want to help others use creative expression to explore what's going on for them, helping them delve into their inner worlds. I grew up in an intensely creative and neurodiverse family, highly attuned to the beauty of nature, music, art and words. I've always loved the opportunities these forms of expression provide to express myself, and to feel deeply—beyond words.
My gift and desire to help others use creative expression is what has me leaping out of bed each day. I want to help others use creative expression to explore what's going on for them, helping them delve into their inner worlds. I grew up in an intensely creative and neurodiverse family, highly attuned to the beauty of nature, music, art and words. I've always loved the opportunities these forms of expression provide to express myself, and to feel deeply—beyond words.
(03) 5910 5006 View (03) 5910 5006
Bruce Silvester
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
Male Psychologist, with 25 years of consulting private practice. Originating in management and leadership, I have extensive Health Care Psychology experience in assisting, males & females, couples, and adolescents with successful treatment of depression, anxiety disorders and stress. Specialising in trauma, PTSD, conflict resolution, men’s health & anger mgt
Male Psychologist, with 25 years of consulting private practice. Originating in management and leadership, I have extensive Health Care Psychology experience in assisting, males & females, couples, and adolescents with successful treatment of depression, anxiety disorders and stress. Specialising in trauma, PTSD, conflict resolution, men’s health & anger mgt
(03) 8771 5759 View (03) 8771 5759
Photo of Mindful Counselling Australia, Psychotherapist in 3806, VIC
Mindful Counselling Australia
Psychotherapist, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
Life can be challenging at times. When we are faced with challenges we may feel alone, 'stuck', confused or feel that our well-being is being compromised. I work with children, adolescents and adults struggling with stress, anxiety, depression, grief , loss or trauma, or are experiencing domestic violence. At the same juncture, you may want some help overcoming anxiety when faced with a job interview or an exam. By working within the therapy framework, clients learn to understand themselves better and see what is needed to become empowered in their own lives.
Life can be challenging at times. When we are faced with challenges we may feel alone, 'stuck', confused or feel that our well-being is being compromised. I work with children, adolescents and adults struggling with stress, anxiety, depression, grief , loss or trauma, or are experiencing domestic violence. At the same juncture, you may want some help overcoming anxiety when faced with a job interview or an exam. By working within the therapy framework, clients learn to understand themselves better and see what is needed to become empowered in their own lives.
(03) 5911 3014 View (03) 5911 3014
Photo of Bianca Stephenson-Gromer, Psychologist in 3806, VIC
Bianca Stephenson-Gromer
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806  (Online Only)
Whether you're a child, adolescent, adult or part of a family facing challenges, I'm here to support you. With extensive experience offering counselling and psychological support, my expertise covers a range of issues, including anxiety disorders, mood disorders, stress management, eating disorders, trauma and abuse, family violence, child and adolescent mental health, and parenting. I recognise each individual's unique psychology journey, and adopt a collaborative approach to address mental health.
Whether you're a child, adolescent, adult or part of a family facing challenges, I'm here to support you. With extensive experience offering counselling and psychological support, my expertise covers a range of issues, including anxiety disorders, mood disorders, stress management, eating disorders, trauma and abuse, family violence, child and adolescent mental health, and parenting. I recognise each individual's unique psychology journey, and adopt a collaborative approach to address mental health.
(03) 7020 2726 View (03) 7020 2726
Photo of Keia Ola Healing, Counsellor in 3806, VIC
Keia Ola Healing
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
Being an ecclectic counsellor, I am passionate about providing effective techniques for my clients so they can process their issues, worries or concerns in a safe and supportive environment. The aim of my counselling services is to help clients to improve their lives by exploring their presenting difficulties and work collaboratively towards achieving a positive and lasting change. I am trained and experienced in working with clients who may be suffering from grief and loss, domestic violence issues or relationship disputes. I support a range of clients including individuals, children, teens, couples, families and groups.
Being an ecclectic counsellor, I am passionate about providing effective techniques for my clients so they can process their issues, worries or concerns in a safe and supportive environment. The aim of my counselling services is to help clients to improve their lives by exploring their presenting difficulties and work collaboratively towards achieving a positive and lasting change. I am trained and experienced in working with clients who may be suffering from grief and loss, domestic violence issues or relationship disputes. I support a range of clients including individuals, children, teens, couples, families and groups.
0415 555 564 View 0415 555 564
Photo of Tahira Hassan- Women's Wellbeing, Counsellor in 3806, VIC
Tahira Hassan- Women's Wellbeing
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
As a culturally informed counsellor, I have lived experience of seeking external approval and it is exhausting. Constantly overthinking, worrying about others' opinions and going down endless rabbit holes can be draining. You may be holding back so that you are not criticised. Your inner dialogue may sound like 'conflict is bad and it would get really awkward' or 'If I speak up I will upset someone or they'll ridicule me'. It is common for many women to eventually withdraw into a shell and overtime they become invisible. Sometimes it feels easier to go along with things and "appear" agreeable rather than risk offending others.
As a culturally informed counsellor, I have lived experience of seeking external approval and it is exhausting. Constantly overthinking, worrying about others' opinions and going down endless rabbit holes can be draining. You may be holding back so that you are not criticised. Your inner dialogue may sound like 'conflict is bad and it would get really awkward' or 'If I speak up I will upset someone or they'll ridicule me'. It is common for many women to eventually withdraw into a shell and overtime they become invisible. Sometimes it feels easier to go along with things and "appear" agreeable rather than risk offending others.
(03) 8771 4065 View (03) 8771 4065
Photo of Donna Niemi-Barrett, Psychologist in 3806, VIC
Donna Niemi-Barrett
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
Donna is a registered psychologist (clinical registrar) who is passionate about enhancing and supporting the well-being and resiliency of her clients, with a focus on building a strong therapeutic relationship. She provides a warm, non-judgemental approach tailored to suit young people and adults who are experiencing a range of challenges and mental health issues. Donna utilises a variety of evidence-based therapeutic approaches. The appropriate modality is chosen in a collaborative manner based on the client's specific needs and case formulation.
Donna is a registered psychologist (clinical registrar) who is passionate about enhancing and supporting the well-being and resiliency of her clients, with a focus on building a strong therapeutic relationship. She provides a warm, non-judgemental approach tailored to suit young people and adults who are experiencing a range of challenges and mental health issues. Donna utilises a variety of evidence-based therapeutic approaches. The appropriate modality is chosen in a collaborative manner based on the client's specific needs and case formulation.
(03) 8771 5139 View (03) 8771 5139
Photo of Edenn Baczyk, Psychologist in 3806, VIC
Edenn Baczyk
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Berwick, VIC 3806  (Online Only)
I'm Edenn, a passionate and approachable Psychologist. My approach is collaborative, flexible and guided by taking the time to understand your individuality and experiences. This allows therapy to be a space where you are able to build a deeper understanding of yourself and work towards goals that are important to you and your wellbeing. I work with adults across many areas of mental health and wellbeing and have a passion for helping others understand their attachment styles and regulate emotions to improve the quality and understanding around relationship patterns.
I'm Edenn, a passionate and approachable Psychologist. My approach is collaborative, flexible and guided by taking the time to understand your individuality and experiences. This allows therapy to be a space where you are able to build a deeper understanding of yourself and work towards goals that are important to you and your wellbeing. I work with adults across many areas of mental health and wellbeing and have a passion for helping others understand their attachment styles and regulate emotions to improve the quality and understanding around relationship patterns.
(03) 7003 2844 View (03) 7003 2844

See more therapy options for 3806

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in 3806

40+

Average cost per session

$156

Counsellors in 3806 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
82% Self Esteem
80% Relationship Issues
80% Stress
73% Trauma and PTSD
60% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

52% NDIS
48% Medicare Rebates
44% Bupa

How Counsellors in 3806 see their clients

94% In Person and Online
6% Online Only

Gender breakdown

87% Female
13% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in 3806?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.