Photo of Aphrodite Vlahos, MPsych, MAPS, Psychologist
Aphrodite Vlahos
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Aphrodite Vlahos is a registered Psychologist with a special interest in working with women and girls. Aphrodite has been trained in a variety of therapeutic approaches including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), Mindfulness, Self Compassion and more.
Aphrodite Vlahos is a registered Psychologist with a special interest in working with women and girls. Aphrodite has been trained in a variety of therapeutic approaches including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), Mindfulness, Self Compassion and more.
(03) 9020 4416 View (03) 9020 4416
Photo of Nicole Redlich, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Nicole Redlich
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004  (Online Only)
Dr Nicole Redlich is a registered and endorsed clinical psychologist with a Doctorate of Clinical Psychology. Nicole has over 16 years experience working in both private and public settings and in education and training. Nicole works with adults, couples, children, adolescence, and parents. She specialises in trauma related conditions, anxiety and depressive conditions, stress, coping and adjustment issues, eating disorders, relationship & parenting issues, pregnancy support, child and adolescent social, emotional & behavioural issues. Nicole works with adults, children & adolescence, parents, and couples
Dr Nicole Redlich is a registered and endorsed clinical psychologist with a Doctorate of Clinical Psychology. Nicole has over 16 years experience working in both private and public settings and in education and training. Nicole works with adults, couples, children, adolescence, and parents. She specialises in trauma related conditions, anxiety and depressive conditions, stress, coping and adjustment issues, eating disorders, relationship & parenting issues, pregnancy support, child and adolescent social, emotional & behavioural issues. Nicole works with adults, children & adolescence, parents, and couples
(03) 9034 6175 View (03) 9034 6175
Photo of Brooke Scerri, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Brooke Scerri
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004  (Online Only)
I am currently accepting new clients - Australia wide. Connection, collaboration, empathy and open-mindedness are values that lay the foundation for my work. I am passionate about cultivating a safe, non-judgemental and supportive space for my clients to freely express, explore, and process their experiences. All of my sessions are tailored to meet the uniqueness of my client. I draw upon several modalities including - EMDR, internal family systems, inner-child work and re-parenting tools, imagery rescripting, somatic psychotherapy, ACT and mindfulness.
I am currently accepting new clients - Australia wide. Connection, collaboration, empathy and open-mindedness are values that lay the foundation for my work. I am passionate about cultivating a safe, non-judgemental and supportive space for my clients to freely express, explore, and process their experiences. All of my sessions are tailored to meet the uniqueness of my client. I draw upon several modalities including - EMDR, internal family systems, inner-child work and re-parenting tools, imagery rescripting, somatic psychotherapy, ACT and mindfulness.
(03) 7003 2218 View (03) 7003 2218
Photo of Emily Bird, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Emily Bird
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I value bringing compassion, authenticity, and presence to my practice. My approach is trauma-informed and I am particularly interested in working with people who are willing to explore any impact of past experiences on current symptoms. I am considerate of the larger context of our lives and observe how systems of oppression affect individuals. I enjoy working with individuals who identify as neurodivergent or highly sensitive, are experiencing anxiety, challenges with self-esteem and self-criticism, PTSD, difficulty managing big emotion, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
I value bringing compassion, authenticity, and presence to my practice. My approach is trauma-informed and I am particularly interested in working with people who are willing to explore any impact of past experiences on current symptoms. I am considerate of the larger context of our lives and observe how systems of oppression affect individuals. I enjoy working with individuals who identify as neurodivergent or highly sensitive, are experiencing anxiety, challenges with self-esteem and self-criticism, PTSD, difficulty managing big emotion, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
View
Photo of undefined - Finn Nugent , MA, AASW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Finn Nugent
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AASW
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Finn works with couples, individuals and families, looking to create change and understand themselves and their relationships better. She is person-centred and emotion-focused, informed by an awareness of trauma, polyvagal theory and the nervous system, mindfulness, family-systems theories, attachment theory, Internal Family Systems therapy, social justice and intersectionality.
Finn works with couples, individuals and families, looking to create change and understand themselves and their relationships better. She is person-centred and emotion-focused, informed by an awareness of trauma, polyvagal theory and the nervous system, mindfulness, family-systems theories, attachment theory, Internal Family Systems therapy, social justice and intersectionality.
(03) 7003 2614 View (03) 7003 2614
Photo of Linda Kollind, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Linda Kollind
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Linda have particular expertise in identifying, assessing and supporting neurodivergence, such as Autism, ADHD and Specific Learning Disorders, across the lifespan. Linda are using evidence based tools and a warm and individualised approach.
Linda have particular expertise in identifying, assessing and supporting neurodivergence, such as Autism, ADHD and Specific Learning Disorders, across the lifespan. Linda are using evidence based tools and a warm and individualised approach.
(03) 7003 2864 View (03) 7003 2864
Photo of undefined - Tracey Alder Therapy, MSc
Tracey Alder Therapy
MSc
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
This is not the life you wanted. You are not the person you hoped to become. Your choices and decisions prevent any relief from the constant, nagging anxiety that disrupts your sleep and impacts your health. It may be that the damage of a difficult upbringing is still causing sustained harm to your present relationships, and your all-important sense of self. But whatever the root cause of your suffering, it's always so much harder to overcome alone. I'm here to support you in that struggle as we work to understand and address your unhappiness in a safe, constructive, trauma-informed space.
This is not the life you wanted. You are not the person you hoped to become. Your choices and decisions prevent any relief from the constant, nagging anxiety that disrupts your sleep and impacts your health. It may be that the damage of a difficult upbringing is still causing sustained harm to your present relationships, and your all-important sense of self. But whatever the root cause of your suffering, it's always so much harder to overcome alone. I'm here to support you in that struggle as we work to understand and address your unhappiness in a safe, constructive, trauma-informed space.
(03) 7003 2789 View (03) 7003 2789
Photo of undefined - Rainbow Psychology - Danny Italia, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Rainbow Psychology - Danny Italia
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Sometimes talking to someone can alleviate your issues. Danny is here to provide a little lift in your life. He deals with all types of presenting issues including depression, anxiety, trauma/PTSD, relationship/family problems, addictions and those that affect the LGBTIQA+ community. However, all presenting issues considered. NDIS, Victims of Crime, TAC, WorkCover & DVA clients are also available to be seen.
Sometimes talking to someone can alleviate your issues. Danny is here to provide a little lift in your life. He deals with all types of presenting issues including depression, anxiety, trauma/PTSD, relationship/family problems, addictions and those that affect the LGBTIQA+ community. However, all presenting issues considered. NDIS, Victims of Crime, TAC, WorkCover & DVA clients are also available to be seen.
(03) 7003 2210 View (03) 7003 2210
Photo of Carmel Batticciotto, MA, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Carmel Batticciotto
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
I am a registered Psychologist with extensive experience helping people to improve their daily lives and reach their true potential. My passion to make a difference in the lives of others has led to a strong interest in evidence-based approaches such as Schema Therapy, DBT, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. I have undertaken additional training in Schema Therapy and am particularly passionate about this approach. I aim to build a warm, comfortable and collaborative space for people to improve their wellbeing through evidence-based interventions.
I am a registered Psychologist with extensive experience helping people to improve their daily lives and reach their true potential. My passion to make a difference in the lives of others has led to a strong interest in evidence-based approaches such as Schema Therapy, DBT, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. I have undertaken additional training in Schema Therapy and am particularly passionate about this approach. I aim to build a warm, comfortable and collaborative space for people to improve their wellbeing through evidence-based interventions.
(03) 9994 1806 View (03) 9994 1806
Photo of undefined - Stephanie Fletcher Psychology , MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Stephanie Fletcher Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Hi, I'm Stephanie and I help busy, professional women make the profound changes in their lives that they crave. Many of my clients are juggling the demands of motherhood, relationships, friendships, and navigating their careers—whether fulfilling or not. Others are recovering from a divorce, dating and are learning to trust themselves again. Whilst putting up a brave front, this constant balancing act often leaves women feeling drained, burnt out, overwhelmed, guilty and confused. Over time, these situations can lead to more complex situations such as a crisis, anxiety and depression.
Hi, I'm Stephanie and I help busy, professional women make the profound changes in their lives that they crave. Many of my clients are juggling the demands of motherhood, relationships, friendships, and navigating their careers—whether fulfilling or not. Others are recovering from a divorce, dating and are learning to trust themselves again. Whilst putting up a brave front, this constant balancing act often leaves women feeling drained, burnt out, overwhelmed, guilty and confused. Over time, these situations can lead to more complex situations such as a crisis, anxiety and depression.
(03) 7003 2931 View (03) 7003 2931
Photo of Lee Cubis, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Lee Cubis
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Melbourne, VIC 3004
I am a Clinical Psychologist with over 18 years working in the health and disability sectors (as a support worker, assistant in nursing and Psychologist). I have an interest in working with people from LGBTQIA+ populations including individuals and relationship work. I have a strong understanding of the many ways that intimate relationships are structured. I als work with adults from all populations to manage anxiety disorders using effective and evidence-based interventions. I have a further interest in working with adults with disability including acquired brain injury, intellectual disability, ASD, and neuro-degenerative disease.
I am a Clinical Psychologist with over 18 years working in the health and disability sectors (as a support worker, assistant in nursing and Psychologist). I have an interest in working with people from LGBTQIA+ populations including individuals and relationship work. I have a strong understanding of the many ways that intimate relationships are structured. I als work with adults from all populations to manage anxiety disorders using effective and evidence-based interventions. I have a further interest in working with adults with disability including acquired brain injury, intellectual disability, ASD, and neuro-degenerative disease.
(03) 6316 1110 View (03) 6316 1110
Photo of Renaty Layton, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Renaty Layton
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004  (Online Only)
I’m a Counselling Psychologist with 25 years experience holding Masters Degrees in Counselling Psych and Special Ed. Imagining my ideal client I see individuals/families seeking support for diverse challenges which may be manifesting as anxiety, depression, communication, eating disorders, low self-esteem or stress. Their needs are complex, reflecting their unique situations. Goals vary widely from anxiety management to enhancing parenting skills, however the underlying desire is to lead a more fulfilling life. Clients seek understanding and support as they navigate life's challenges, looking for tools and strategies to move forward
I’m a Counselling Psychologist with 25 years experience holding Masters Degrees in Counselling Psych and Special Ed. Imagining my ideal client I see individuals/families seeking support for diverse challenges which may be manifesting as anxiety, depression, communication, eating disorders, low self-esteem or stress. Their needs are complex, reflecting their unique situations. Goals vary widely from anxiety management to enhancing parenting skills, however the underlying desire is to lead a more fulfilling life. Clients seek understanding and support as they navigate life's challenges, looking for tools and strategies to move forward
(03) 7003 2354 View (03) 7003 2354
Photo of Christine Savides, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Christine Savides
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Feeling you need support outside of your family and friends? Not sure about changing some aspect of your life? I work with adults and older teenagers looking for growth or change in their current lives. If a trauma, or event has impacted you, we may understand why it's happened, but sometimes "why" isn't enough. Combining psychotherapy with somatic psychology, we can create the change and healing you are seeking.
Feeling you need support outside of your family and friends? Not sure about changing some aspect of your life? I work with adults and older teenagers looking for growth or change in their current lives. If a trauma, or event has impacted you, we may understand why it's happened, but sometimes "why" isn't enough. Combining psychotherapy with somatic psychology, we can create the change and healing you are seeking.
0438 446 634 View 0438 446 634
Photo of Timothy Hill, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Timothy Hill
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Hi I'm Tim.​ I am a Registered Psychologist offering face to face sessions in West Melbourne and via telehealth. ​I work with adults (18+) experiencing a range of difficulties, including anxiety and depression, work related, financial and academic stress, grief, interpersonal/ relationship issues, as well as sexuality, gender and self-esteem related difficulties. I am passionate about providing a safe space for people of any sexuality, gender, sex, culture, religion or ability.
Hi I'm Tim.​ I am a Registered Psychologist offering face to face sessions in West Melbourne and via telehealth. ​I work with adults (18+) experiencing a range of difficulties, including anxiety and depression, work related, financial and academic stress, grief, interpersonal/ relationship issues, as well as sexuality, gender and self-esteem related difficulties. I am passionate about providing a safe space for people of any sexuality, gender, sex, culture, religion or ability.
(03) 7003 2363 x7 View (03) 7003 2363 x7
Photo of Ashley Anjou, MPsych, MAPS, Psychologist
Ashley Anjou
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Ashley works with adults who are struggling with a range of mental health concerns, including anxiety, depression, ADHD and issues relating to relationships and self-esteem. She is passionate about building a strong therapeutic relationship with her clients, working collaboratively to overcome difficulties and improve wellbeing. Ashley brings a warm and engaging style to therapy, creating a safe space for clients to effectively explore their challenges and find meaningful personal growth.
Ashley works with adults who are struggling with a range of mental health concerns, including anxiety, depression, ADHD and issues relating to relationships and self-esteem. She is passionate about building a strong therapeutic relationship with her clients, working collaboratively to overcome difficulties and improve wellbeing. Ashley brings a warm and engaging style to therapy, creating a safe space for clients to effectively explore their challenges and find meaningful personal growth.
(03) 7003 2206 View (03) 7003 2206
Photo of Junko Fukuhara, MA, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Junko Fukuhara
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Hello, I'm a registered counsellor with the Australian Counselling Association. I work with adults and couples to help them with mood-related issues, eating disorders, relationship issues, domestic violence/abuse and grief associated with crimes and scams.
Hello, I'm a registered counsellor with the Australian Counselling Association. I work with adults and couples to help them with mood-related issues, eating disorders, relationship issues, domestic violence/abuse and grief associated with crimes and scams.
(03) 7003 2567 View (03) 7003 2567
Photo of Kylie Latu, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Kylie Latu
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Kylie Latu is passionate about the interconnection between mental and physical health, combining this with her own personal love of all things sport, leading her evolution into a career as a psychologist with special interests in sport and performance psychology. Kylie loves working with a range of people, whether that is as a recreational or elite athlete; returning to exercise and activity after injury, illness, or parenthood; or anyone seeking to improve their mental health and well-being. She is passionate about helping people overcome personal barriers, reclaim self-worth, connect with their purpose, and fulfil their potential.
Kylie Latu is passionate about the interconnection between mental and physical health, combining this with her own personal love of all things sport, leading her evolution into a career as a psychologist with special interests in sport and performance psychology. Kylie loves working with a range of people, whether that is as a recreational or elite athlete; returning to exercise and activity after injury, illness, or parenthood; or anyone seeking to improve their mental health and well-being. She is passionate about helping people overcome personal barriers, reclaim self-worth, connect with their purpose, and fulfil their potential.
(03) 7003 2445 View (03) 7003 2445
Photo of Iris Kucuk, MPsych, MAPS, Psychologist
Iris Kucuk
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004
Iris is a clinical psychologist who is passionate about helping clients improve their psychological health and wellbeing. Iris is experienced in working with people from all walks of life, in a range of settings including public hospitals, universities, not for profit organisations and private practice. She can provide treatment for a broad range of presenting issues, and has a special interest in anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship difficulties, disordered eating and chronic pain. Iris also works with clients struggling to adjust to stressful life changes, pre and post-natal mental health issues and identity issues.
Iris is a clinical psychologist who is passionate about helping clients improve their psychological health and wellbeing. Iris is experienced in working with people from all walks of life, in a range of settings including public hospitals, universities, not for profit organisations and private practice. She can provide treatment for a broad range of presenting issues, and has a special interest in anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship difficulties, disordered eating and chronic pain. Iris also works with clients struggling to adjust to stressful life changes, pre and post-natal mental health issues and identity issues.
(03) 7303 3825 View (03) 7303 3825
Photo of Fiona Fouvy, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Fiona Fouvy
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Melbourne, VIC 3004
I am a Psychologist (Clinical Registrar) and Executive Coach with 25+ years of experience in corporate and public sector organisations, and 7 years in private practice. I help adults of all ages experiencing anxiety, stress, trauma, grief and loss, life transitions. I have a special interest in work-related issues, job or career dissatisfaction.
I am a Psychologist (Clinical Registrar) and Executive Coach with 25+ years of experience in corporate and public sector organisations, and 7 years in private practice. I help adults of all ages experiencing anxiety, stress, trauma, grief and loss, life transitions. I have a special interest in work-related issues, job or career dissatisfaction.
(03) 8372 0460 View (03) 8372 0460
Photo of undefined - Louise Gourley Counselling, PACFA, Counsellor
Louise Gourley Counselling
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3004  (Online Only)
After over 20 years as a counsellor, I have been privileged to work with clients who present with a massive variety of issues and hopes. The ideal client is the one who is brave enough to reach out and say they want something to change for them, that they want better for themselves and invite me to be an integral part of that solution - it's an honour that I take seriously, ethically, honestly and carefully. I have worked with all age groups, predominately adults, from 18 - 90, all cultures, backgrounds, religions, genders and histories - I will always be client led and supportive and professional with whatever their goals are.
After over 20 years as a counsellor, I have been privileged to work with clients who present with a massive variety of issues and hopes. The ideal client is the one who is brave enough to reach out and say they want something to change for them, that they want better for themselves and invite me to be an integral part of that solution - it's an honour that I take seriously, ethically, honestly and carefully. I have worked with all age groups, predominately adults, from 18 - 90, all cultures, backgrounds, religions, genders and histories - I will always be client led and supportive and professional with whatever their goals are.
(03) 7003 2638 View (03) 7003 2638

See more therapy options for 3004

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in 3004

90+

Average cost per session

$200

Counsellors in 3004 who prioritize treating:

84% Anxiety
76% Depression
72% Self Esteem
72% Stress
66% Coping Skills
65% Relationship Issues
65% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Medicare Rebates
49% Bupa
45% NDIS

How Counsellors in 3004 see their clients

71% In Person and Online
29% Online Only

Gender breakdown

66% Female
32% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in 3004?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.