Photo of Pj Menon, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Pj Menon
Psychologist, MC, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112  (Online Only)
It can be hard to talk about what's going on for you, whether you're going through a difficult time, struggling to understand yourself, feeling unsure of your path forward, or generally feeling overwhelmed with life. Connecting with someone you don't know can feel daunting, especially if you've had tough experiences in the past. Having someone you trust to keep the most vulnerable parts of you safe can be immensely healing.
It can be hard to talk about what's going on for you, whether you're going through a difficult time, struggling to understand yourself, feeling unsure of your path forward, or generally feeling overwhelmed with life. Connecting with someone you don't know can feel daunting, especially if you've had tough experiences in the past. Having someone you trust to keep the most vulnerable parts of you safe can be immensely healing.
(02) 7804 4066 View (02) 7804 4066
Photo of Open Sky Psychology, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Open Sky Psychology
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
If you are experiencing anxiety, depression and/or relationship difficulties, or suffer from more complex problems, we have psychologists and relationship counsellors available to work with you and honour your individual circumstances. Our aim is to help you identify your most authentic inner values, and find a way to live from them more and more each day.
If you are experiencing anxiety, depression and/or relationship difficulties, or suffer from more complex problems, we have psychologists and relationship counsellors available to work with you and honour your individual circumstances. Our aim is to help you identify your most authentic inner values, and find a way to live from them more and more each day.
(02) 9158 6314 View (02) 9158 6314
Photo of Julie Ryu, Psychotherapist in 2112, NSW
Julie Ryu
Psychotherapist, MPsych, PACFA
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
Clients seek my professional support to alleviate current distress that they experience which could be caused by psychological, emotional, environmental and/or physical factors. Clients often request short to medium term interventions to lessen the effects of psychological trauma or recent and/or old events on their lives. Clients attend sessions with clinical diagnoses or their current experiences of moderate to severe level of symptoms resulting their interest in receiving assessments for formal diagnoses. Specific needs and goals of therapy could be discussed in the first session.
Clients seek my professional support to alleviate current distress that they experience which could be caused by psychological, emotional, environmental and/or physical factors. Clients often request short to medium term interventions to lessen the effects of psychological trauma or recent and/or old events on their lives. Clients attend sessions with clinical diagnoses or their current experiences of moderate to severe level of symptoms resulting their interest in receiving assessments for formal diagnoses. Specific needs and goals of therapy could be discussed in the first session.
(02) 7804 4481 View (02) 7804 4481
Photo of Dr Janice Liew, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Dr Janice Liew
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Putney, NSW 2112
I value creating an environment where clients can feel safe to be known and understood. That's why I've chosen to name my practice 'Beknown Psychology'. When someone feels heard, seen and understood - known - without being judged, this can be a platform to safety explore change. I believe it is equally important to help people to know and understand themselves, and the recurring themes that may be present in their lives. These are often related to past experiences, which can shape the way a person relates to others, their self-worth and reactions. If this resonates with you, please feel free to reach out.
I value creating an environment where clients can feel safe to be known and understood. That's why I've chosen to name my practice 'Beknown Psychology'. When someone feels heard, seen and understood - known - without being judged, this can be a platform to safety explore change. I believe it is equally important to help people to know and understand themselves, and the recurring themes that may be present in their lives. These are often related to past experiences, which can shape the way a person relates to others, their self-worth and reactions. If this resonates with you, please feel free to reach out.
(02) 7804 4167 View (02) 7804 4167
Photo of Mary Capsanis, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Mary Capsanis
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Putney, NSW 2112
I'm a Clinical Psychologist who started my practice Introspect Clinical Psychology as I'm passionate about creating a supportive space for people to explore their challenges without judgement. I work with adults (18+), including individuals as well as working with couples. My areas of focus are supporting individuals to improve symptoms of stress, anxiety, depression, as well as supporting those who want to recover from harmful coping behaviours. I have a particular interest in helping individuals work through the childhood origins of their current difficulties, as well as building coping mechanisms and outlets for their distress.
I'm a Clinical Psychologist who started my practice Introspect Clinical Psychology as I'm passionate about creating a supportive space for people to explore their challenges without judgement. I work with adults (18+), including individuals as well as working with couples. My areas of focus are supporting individuals to improve symptoms of stress, anxiety, depression, as well as supporting those who want to recover from harmful coping behaviours. I have a particular interest in helping individuals work through the childhood origins of their current difficulties, as well as building coping mechanisms and outlets for their distress.
(02) 7804 4751 View (02) 7804 4751
Photo of Kara Choi, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Kara Choi
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Putney, NSW 2112
I work with adults (18+) and couples wanting to improve their mood/anxiety, relationships, and for those wanting to understand and change how their history continues to shape their relational patterns today. This may be particularly pertinent during the perinatal period (during pregnancy and postpartum). I also work with couples to prepare for and adjust to transition periods of marriage and parenthood. I believe in the wisdom of working to strengthen and bolster relationships from a place of preparation rather than waiting until things become difficult to seek support.
I work with adults (18+) and couples wanting to improve their mood/anxiety, relationships, and for those wanting to understand and change how their history continues to shape their relational patterns today. This may be particularly pertinent during the perinatal period (during pregnancy and postpartum). I also work with couples to prepare for and adjust to transition periods of marriage and parenthood. I believe in the wisdom of working to strengthen and bolster relationships from a place of preparation rather than waiting until things become difficult to seek support.
(02) 7804 4788 View (02) 7804 4788
Photo of Althea Counselling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 2112, NSW
Althea Counselling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Putney, NSW 2112
At Althea Counselling, Bethanie mainly works with clients who seek counselling to address areas of their lives that are weighing heavy on their mind. Bethanie specialises in working with relationship breakdowns, infidelity, divorce/separation; to mood and personality disorders, ADHD and neurodivergence. At Althea Counselling, we prioritise your best interests and individual needs to provide you the most transformative and supportive therapy we can. As a Social Worker, Bethanie can support and encourage the developing of healthy coping strategies, provide psychoeducation, and build your confidence in yourself and your relationships.
At Althea Counselling, Bethanie mainly works with clients who seek counselling to address areas of their lives that are weighing heavy on their mind. Bethanie specialises in working with relationship breakdowns, infidelity, divorce/separation; to mood and personality disorders, ADHD and neurodivergence. At Althea Counselling, we prioritise your best interests and individual needs to provide you the most transformative and supportive therapy we can. As a Social Worker, Bethanie can support and encourage the developing of healthy coping strategies, provide psychoeducation, and build your confidence in yourself and your relationships.
(02) 4601 5986 View (02) 4601 5986
Photo of Exclusive Wellbeing, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Exclusive Wellbeing
Psychologist, MPsych, MACPA
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
No concern is too small or insignificant to explore in therapy. We are a team of passionate therapists in Parramatta that are all naturally curious and committed to creating a safe space where clients can ‘come as they are’ without judgment. Our mission is to provide a voice to those who feel unheard, helping them discover personal insights and practical solutions for a more fulfilling life. We work with depression, anxiety, stress related to work or studies, Workcover and Traffic Injury, and Government Comcare Insurance. We understand and support clients recovery from complex trauma, OCD, eating disorder, personality disorders.
No concern is too small or insignificant to explore in therapy. We are a team of passionate therapists in Parramatta that are all naturally curious and committed to creating a safe space where clients can ‘come as they are’ without judgment. Our mission is to provide a voice to those who feel unheard, helping them discover personal insights and practical solutions for a more fulfilling life. We work with depression, anxiety, stress related to work or studies, Workcover and Traffic Injury, and Government Comcare Insurance. We understand and support clients recovery from complex trauma, OCD, eating disorder, personality disorders.
(02) 9630 0451 View (02) 9630 0451
Photo of Jessica Koch, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Jessica Koch
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
Jess provides a safe, nurturing and respectful environment for each individual to explore their current challenges and gain insight into the background, maintenance and effect of these challenges. Jess holds the power of the client-therapist relationship in high regard and collaborates with her clients to reach their individual treatment goals and guide them towards living their best lives. Working from a holistic, strengths-based approach, Jess encourages each individual to utilise their strengths, build resilience and acquire practical skills to manage emotions, thoughts and actions.
Jess provides a safe, nurturing and respectful environment for each individual to explore their current challenges and gain insight into the background, maintenance and effect of these challenges. Jess holds the power of the client-therapist relationship in high regard and collaborates with her clients to reach their individual treatment goals and guide them towards living their best lives. Working from a holistic, strengths-based approach, Jess encourages each individual to utilise their strengths, build resilience and acquire practical skills to manage emotions, thoughts and actions.
(02) 9159 6981 View (02) 9159 6981
Photo of Mitra Storey, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Mitra Storey
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
Hello there! I am a registered psychologist with a strong passion for helping people transform their lives. I specialise in working with clients who are dealing with a wide range of presentations, such as depression, anxiety, relationship difficulties, shame, and trauma. When working with clients, I believe in taking a holistic and client-centred approach. This means that I work collaboratively with my clients to design and implement treatment plans that are based on best practice and evidence.
Hello there! I am a registered psychologist with a strong passion for helping people transform their lives. I specialise in working with clients who are dealing with a wide range of presentations, such as depression, anxiety, relationship difficulties, shame, and trauma. When working with clients, I believe in taking a holistic and client-centred approach. This means that I work collaboratively with my clients to design and implement treatment plans that are based on best practice and evidence.
(02) 8074 5442 View (02) 8074 5442
Photo of Enette Clarette, Counsellor in 2112, NSW
Enette Clarette
Counsellor, MC, PACFA
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
I help people work through trauma, grief, relationship difficulties, depression, anxiety, and life transitions. I am passionate about facilitating a safe place where clients can be free to explore their issues, gain strength and discover hope.
I help people work through trauma, grief, relationship difficulties, depression, anxiety, and life transitions. I am passionate about facilitating a safe place where clients can be free to explore their issues, gain strength and discover hope.
(02) 7804 4936 View (02) 7804 4936
Photo of Delaney Chow, Counsellor in 2112, NSW
Delaney Chow
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
Waitlist for new clients
Delaney has had experience working with a diverse group of clients from adolescents, adults and couples, in empowering and supporting clients through the issues of trauma, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, relationship difficulties and life transitions. Delaney values being able to listen to your story and understand what makes you 'you', to help you become more resilient and be equipped to navigate life's different challenges well. Having been born in Australia to immigrant parents, Delaney understands the benefits and challenges of cultural diversity experienced by the next generation.
Delaney has had experience working with a diverse group of clients from adolescents, adults and couples, in empowering and supporting clients through the issues of trauma, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, relationship difficulties and life transitions. Delaney values being able to listen to your story and understand what makes you 'you', to help you become more resilient and be equipped to navigate life's different challenges well. Having been born in Australia to immigrant parents, Delaney understands the benefits and challenges of cultural diversity experienced by the next generation.
(02) 9159 6043 View (02) 9159 6043
Photo of Peter Samii, Counsellor in 2112, NSW
Peter Samii
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
Peter is a qualified counsellor and is registered with the Australian Counselling Association. Peter has a relaxed and caring nature and works towards assisting clients to cultivate short-term and long-term solutions to navigate through life’s challenges and to live their lives with improved self-confidence, self-awareness, and with profound meaning. His counselling approach centres on the following evidence-based treatment approaches including: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Person-centred Therapy Solution-focused Therapy Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.
Peter is a qualified counsellor and is registered with the Australian Counselling Association. Peter has a relaxed and caring nature and works towards assisting clients to cultivate short-term and long-term solutions to navigate through life’s challenges and to live their lives with improved self-confidence, self-awareness, and with profound meaning. His counselling approach centres on the following evidence-based treatment approaches including: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Person-centred Therapy Solution-focused Therapy Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.
(02) 7804 4604 View (02) 7804 4604
Photo of The Recalibrate Hub, Counsellor in 2112, NSW
The Recalibrate Hub
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
Not accepting new clients
Whether you’re excitedly planning for your wedding, feeling disappointed in your relationship or the spark has waned after decades of marriage, know I too have travelled the relationship roller coaster of euphoria & broken dreams. The reality is, these relationship struggles can overflow into parenting too. You may be excitedly expecting your first child or perhaps, you're feeling overwhelmed by your children's attitude. Regardless of what stage you're in, hope exists for you to recalibrate your relationships and parenting. I'm looking forward to supporting you to do this, so you can know empowerment & joy in your current season.
Whether you’re excitedly planning for your wedding, feeling disappointed in your relationship or the spark has waned after decades of marriage, know I too have travelled the relationship roller coaster of euphoria & broken dreams. The reality is, these relationship struggles can overflow into parenting too. You may be excitedly expecting your first child or perhaps, you're feeling overwhelmed by your children's attitude. Regardless of what stage you're in, hope exists for you to recalibrate your relationships and parenting. I'm looking forward to supporting you to do this, so you can know empowerment & joy in your current season.
(02) 8355 9790 View (02) 8355 9790
Photo of Tanya Riebel, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Tanya Riebel
Psychologist, MACPA Assoc
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
I’m a registered psychologist in Parramatta deeply passionate about working with adolescents and adults on their journey to greater wellbeing. I believe in viewing my clients holistically, recognizing their unique perspectives as valuable contributors to their growth and development. My mission is to provide a voice to those who feel unheard, helping them discover personal insights and practical solutions for a more fulfilling life. I am experienced in working with adult populations dealing with depression, anxiety, and stress related to work or studies.
I’m a registered psychologist in Parramatta deeply passionate about working with adolescents and adults on their journey to greater wellbeing. I believe in viewing my clients holistically, recognizing their unique perspectives as valuable contributors to their growth and development. My mission is to provide a voice to those who feel unheard, helping them discover personal insights and practical solutions for a more fulfilling life. I am experienced in working with adult populations dealing with depression, anxiety, and stress related to work or studies.
(02) 7804 4531 View (02) 7804 4531
Photo of Emma Chow | Kindred Filial Play Corner, Psychotherapist in 2112, NSW
Emma Chow | Kindred Filial Play Corner
Psychotherapist, MA
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
Somewhere along the way, there has been a rupture between you and your child. You are constantly overwhelmed by their BIG emotions and behaviours, and you are doing your best to respond differently from your default parenting patterns. Maybe they've been through something big. You desire a stronger, more secure and trusting relationship with your child. You dream of fostering co-operation and harmonious sibling (and peer) relationships. Your really want to support them in their growth, development and wellbeing.
Somewhere along the way, there has been a rupture between you and your child. You are constantly overwhelmed by their BIG emotions and behaviours, and you are doing your best to respond differently from your default parenting patterns. Maybe they've been through something big. You desire a stronger, more secure and trusting relationship with your child. You dream of fostering co-operation and harmonious sibling (and peer) relationships. Your really want to support them in their growth, development and wellbeing.
(02) 7804 4503 View (02) 7804 4503
Photo of Dr. Salena Bhanji, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Dr. Salena Bhanji
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
Salena is a warm and compassionate Counselling Psychologist who has a genuine interest in listening to and supporting her clients to heal from their mental health struggles and live more fully as a result. Her main focus is providing evidence-based therapies to those who are struggling with disordered eating, eating disorders, weight management, body image issues, childhood trauma and low self esteem. Salena has undertaken extensive training over 18 years in the NHS, the Monte Nido treatment centres in California and the Butterfly Foundation in Sydney. Salena ensures that every session delivers insight and practical skills to use.
Salena is a warm and compassionate Counselling Psychologist who has a genuine interest in listening to and supporting her clients to heal from their mental health struggles and live more fully as a result. Her main focus is providing evidence-based therapies to those who are struggling with disordered eating, eating disorders, weight management, body image issues, childhood trauma and low self esteem. Salena has undertaken extensive training over 18 years in the NHS, the Monte Nido treatment centres in California and the Butterfly Foundation in Sydney. Salena ensures that every session delivers insight and practical skills to use.
(02) 8503 4157 View (02) 8503 4157
Photo of Maggie Morgan, Counsellor in 2112, NSW
Maggie Morgan
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
I have always believed that envisioning a better future motivates you to take the steps to make it happen. But sometimes, this may seem impossible. So my goal is to help you with the challenges you face and to give you the tools you need to enable you to enhance your life and bring about positive change.
I have always believed that envisioning a better future motivates you to take the steps to make it happen. But sometimes, this may seem impossible. So my goal is to help you with the challenges you face and to give you the tools you need to enable you to enhance your life and bring about positive change.
(02) 8074 3543 View (02) 8074 3543
Photo of Art Therapy Creates, Counsellor in 2112, NSW
Art Therapy Creates
Counsellor, AThR
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
I am an Art Therapist who is committed to support the development of my clients, physical, mental and emotional wellbeing. Art therapy creates a visual language of communication and personal expression as an alternative to 'talk only' therapy, when words or feelings are hard to express. My person-centred and psychodynamic approach to therapy is also informed by IFS and Mindfulness practice. I am a creative and thoughtful individual who works in a collaborative and compassionate manner with children, young people and adults when their emotions, thinking and behaviour is out of balance.
I am an Art Therapist who is committed to support the development of my clients, physical, mental and emotional wellbeing. Art therapy creates a visual language of communication and personal expression as an alternative to 'talk only' therapy, when words or feelings are hard to express. My person-centred and psychodynamic approach to therapy is also informed by IFS and Mindfulness practice. I am a creative and thoughtful individual who works in a collaborative and compassionate manner with children, young people and adults when their emotions, thinking and behaviour is out of balance.
(02) 8069 5430 View (02) 8069 5430
Photo of Fully Human Fully Alive Psychology & Counselling, Psychologist in 2112, NSW
Fully Human Fully Alive Psychology & Counselling
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
Fully Human Fully Alive Psychology and Counselling Relationship Centre is a team of highly trained professionals providing the ultimate in wellbeing treatment for Relationships: couple, parent and baby, child and parent, men isolated from feelings. We have a strong reputation for providing a warm and personalised service using research based approaches.
Fully Human Fully Alive Psychology and Counselling Relationship Centre is a team of highly trained professionals providing the ultimate in wellbeing treatment for Relationships: couple, parent and baby, child and parent, men isolated from feelings. We have a strong reputation for providing a warm and personalised service using research based approaches.
(02) 8074 3769 View (02) 8074 3769

See more therapy options for 2112

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in 2112

60+

Average cost per session

$170

Counsellors in 2112 who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
90% Depression
89% Relationship Issues
84% Stress
82% Self Esteem
80% Trauma and PTSD
77% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Bupa
68% Medicare Rebates
68% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in 2112 see their clients

91% In Person and Online
9% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in 2112?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.