Counselling in 2039

Photo of Anna Grace Counselling, Counsellor in 2039, NSW
Anna Grace Counselling
Counsellor, MA
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
I am a registered Counsellor with a passion for helping adults, young adults and adolescents to heal, change and grow in emotional health as they face the challenges of life. I find it a real privilege to work with all people to create a safe space and environment to explore a variety of issues. I am a counsellor with a Christian faith and believe all humans have intrinsic value. At Anna Grace Counselling I take a person-centred approach, where the aim is to facilitate growth in emotional, psychological and spiritual well-being and life affirming relationships. I work with an emphasises on the whole person.
I am a registered Counsellor with a passion for helping adults, young adults and adolescents to heal, change and grow in emotional health as they face the challenges of life. I find it a real privilege to work with all people to create a safe space and environment to explore a variety of issues. I am a counsellor with a Christian faith and believe all humans have intrinsic value. At Anna Grace Counselling I take a person-centred approach, where the aim is to facilitate growth in emotional, psychological and spiritual well-being and life affirming relationships. I work with an emphasises on the whole person.
(02) 9100 0479 View (02) 9100 0479
Photo of Marina Suarez, Psychotherapist in 2039, NSW
Marina Suarez
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Are you struggling with anxiety, shame, intimacy or low self-esteem? Do you often feel that there's something wrong with you or that you are not good enough, no matter how hard you try? Do you constantly worry about what other people think of you or feel guilty a lot of the time? Are you trying to deal with the impact of difficult childhood experiences? Psychotherapy can help. With the right guidance and support it's possible to work through these issues. I work in partnership with my clients to help them find ways to feel better in the world and with themselves.
Are you struggling with anxiety, shame, intimacy or low self-esteem? Do you often feel that there's something wrong with you or that you are not good enough, no matter how hard you try? Do you constantly worry about what other people think of you or feel guilty a lot of the time? Are you trying to deal with the impact of difficult childhood experiences? Psychotherapy can help. With the right guidance and support it's possible to work through these issues. I work in partnership with my clients to help them find ways to feel better in the world and with themselves.
(02) 5104 1032 View (02) 5104 1032
Photo of Brainspotting Training Hub, Psychotherapist in 2039, NSW
Brainspotting Training Hub
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
I am a trauma specialist and work in a variety of modalities that are bot somatic and brain based. I am also a trainer in Brainspotting. I am also a creative and work with the expressive arts.
I am a trauma specialist and work in a variety of modalities that are bot somatic and brain based. I am also a trainer in Brainspotting. I am also a creative and work with the expressive arts.
(02) 9100 0702 View (02) 9100 0702
Photo of Alain Moulay in 2039, NSW
Alain Moulay
MSc
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Sexuality is multidimensional that engages all areas of life: mental, emotional, physical and social. Understanding the psychology and the culture through which sexuality is experienced is integral to finding well being and happiness. Shame, guilt, anxiety, as well as other psychological or medical conditions, can profoundly affect how we experience sexuality and deeply impact or attach itself to the complexities of our personal history and life experiences.
Sexuality is multidimensional that engages all areas of life: mental, emotional, physical and social. Understanding the psychology and the culture through which sexuality is experienced is integral to finding well being and happiness. Shame, guilt, anxiety, as well as other psychological or medical conditions, can profoundly affect how we experience sexuality and deeply impact or attach itself to the complexities of our personal history and life experiences.
(02) 9159 6682 View (02) 9159 6682
Photo of Sarah Nguyen, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
Sarah Nguyen
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Sarah is a warm and compassionate Clinical Psychologist, who is genuinely curious about getting to know her clients beyond their mental health difficulties. She adopts an open and non-judgmental approach in her work and believes in the importance of providing validation whilst also working towards change. She uses a combination of evidence-based treatments such as Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Motivational Interviewing and Mindfulness-based approaches.
Sarah is a warm and compassionate Clinical Psychologist, who is genuinely curious about getting to know her clients beyond their mental health difficulties. She adopts an open and non-judgmental approach in her work and believes in the importance of providing validation whilst also working towards change. She uses a combination of evidence-based treatments such as Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Motivational Interviewing and Mindfulness-based approaches.
0402 154 007 View 0402 154 007
Photo of Helen Doutty, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
Helen Doutty
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Helen is an empathetic and warm clinical psychologist who is dedicated to empowering and supporting clients to effectively navigate a variety of mental health difficulties and life challenges. She is an effective motivator and communicator who considers the development of a strong client-therapist relationship to be essential in effectively meeting the client’s needs and goals. She has a collaborative, strengths-based approach which fosters respect and openness to client’s individual journeys.
Helen is an empathetic and warm clinical psychologist who is dedicated to empowering and supporting clients to effectively navigate a variety of mental health difficulties and life challenges. She is an effective motivator and communicator who considers the development of a strong client-therapist relationship to be essential in effectively meeting the client’s needs and goals. She has a collaborative, strengths-based approach which fosters respect and openness to client’s individual journeys.
0402 154 007 View 0402 154 007
Photo of Georgia Connor - Self Space Therapy, Counsellor in 2039, NSW
Georgia Connor - Self Space Therapy
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Waitlist for new clients
Do you feel numb or overwhelmed? Or that you're just going through the motions of life? That the critical voice in your head is a constant companion and you don't know what you're doing. Perhaps this makes you feel that you're not enough or all too much. Facing these challenges alone can leave you feeling completely stuck. At Self Space Therapy, I provide a safe, compassionate and welcoming space to meet you where you are. Together we will build a therapeutic relationship based on trust and authenticity to work towards deepening awareness, acceptance, growth and change.
Do you feel numb or overwhelmed? Or that you're just going through the motions of life? That the critical voice in your head is a constant companion and you don't know what you're doing. Perhaps this makes you feel that you're not enough or all too much. Facing these challenges alone can leave you feeling completely stuck. At Self Space Therapy, I provide a safe, compassionate and welcoming space to meet you where you are. Together we will build a therapeutic relationship based on trust and authenticity to work towards deepening awareness, acceptance, growth and change.
(02) 9100 0211 View (02) 9100 0211
Photo of The Mind Clinic, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
The Mind Clinic
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
I enjoy working with people from all ages and stages in life including children, adolescents, parents & their families with concerns such as anxiety (including OCD & selective mutism), depression, emotion dysregulation, issues at school, family relationship difficulties, self-esteem and traumatic experiences. I also enjoy working with adults of all ages who are experiencing relationship difficulties, adjusting to life stages/changes, mood and anxiety disorders, trauma/PTSD, burnout, perinatal & postnatal support & sleep issues.
I enjoy working with people from all ages and stages in life including children, adolescents, parents & their families with concerns such as anxiety (including OCD & selective mutism), depression, emotion dysregulation, issues at school, family relationship difficulties, self-esteem and traumatic experiences. I also enjoy working with adults of all ages who are experiencing relationship difficulties, adjusting to life stages/changes, mood and anxiety disorders, trauma/PTSD, burnout, perinatal & postnatal support & sleep issues.
(02) 9538 7417 View (02) 9538 7417
Photo of Gabby Miguel, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
Gabby Miguel
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Gabby works with various presentations, such as depression, stress, anxiety, ASD, ADHD, eating disorders, relationship difficulties, grief and loss, and emotion dysregulation. She sees clients on a short and long-term basis, utilising evidence-based modalities tailored to individual client needs and goals. She promotes the education of patients and their family members on mental and behaviour disorders, making use of psychoeducation as a supporting aspect of the client’s treatment.
Gabby works with various presentations, such as depression, stress, anxiety, ASD, ADHD, eating disorders, relationship difficulties, grief and loss, and emotion dysregulation. She sees clients on a short and long-term basis, utilising evidence-based modalities tailored to individual client needs and goals. She promotes the education of patients and their family members on mental and behaviour disorders, making use of psychoeducation as a supporting aspect of the client’s treatment.
(02) 9158 6662 View (02) 9158 6662
Photo of Menaka Iyengar Cooke M.app.psych, Psychotherapist in 2039, NSW
Menaka Iyengar Cooke M.app.psych
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Clients want help with managing stress and anxiety over life matters such as workplace issues, relationships including marriage ups-and-downs, divorce and separation; death including grief and loss; personal development from being assertive to managing health and personal wellbeing; assistance in being better parents; personal trauma incuding sexual assault or bodily harm or migration difficulties
Clients want help with managing stress and anxiety over life matters such as workplace issues, relationships including marriage ups-and-downs, divorce and separation; death including grief and loss; personal development from being assertive to managing health and personal wellbeing; assistance in being better parents; personal trauma incuding sexual assault or bodily harm or migration difficulties
(02) 8069 5431 View (02) 8069 5431
Photo of Inner West Counselling , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 2039, NSW
Inner West Counselling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
As a Social Worker, Billie applies a holistic approach, considering the person within their entire psycho-social system rather than seeing the person as the "problem". Billie encourages a therapeutic relationship based on collaboration and partnership rather than being the “expert” With almost 20 years of experience, she has worked in a variety of different fields including Women and Children's Health, Domestic Violence, Child Protection, Disability, Adolescent Community Mental Health and Trauma counselling, before commencing in Private Practice in 2020.
As a Social Worker, Billie applies a holistic approach, considering the person within their entire psycho-social system rather than seeing the person as the "problem". Billie encourages a therapeutic relationship based on collaboration and partnership rather than being the “expert” With almost 20 years of experience, she has worked in a variety of different fields including Women and Children's Health, Domestic Violence, Child Protection, Disability, Adolescent Community Mental Health and Trauma counselling, before commencing in Private Practice in 2020.
(02) 9100 0365 View (02) 9100 0365
Photo of Sienna Hinton, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
Sienna Hinton
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039  (Online Only)
In each and every session, I strive to create a safe, supportive, and non-judgmental environment for my clients. I understand that seeking help can be a daunting and vulnerable experience, which is why I approach my work with empathy and compassion. My goal is to work with my clients to help them overcome their challenges and reach their full potential.
In each and every session, I strive to create a safe, supportive, and non-judgmental environment for my clients. I understand that seeking help can be a daunting and vulnerable experience, which is why I approach my work with empathy and compassion. My goal is to work with my clients to help them overcome their challenges and reach their full potential.
(02) 9100 0739 View (02) 9100 0739
Photo of Treat Yourself Well Psychology Sydney, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
Treat Yourself Well Psychology Sydney
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Treat Yourself Well Sydney is an established boutique Psychology Practice with a niche reputation in the treatment of eating disorders, trauma and neurodiversity. Our Psychologists have extensive experience in eating disorders and trauma and take a non diet, weight neutral, Health at Every Size approach. We also offer high quality assessment and treatment for a wide range of presentations including depression, anxiety, stress, relationships and interpersonal matters. We are compassion focused, mindfulness based and trauma informed focusing on mind and body wellness.
Treat Yourself Well Sydney is an established boutique Psychology Practice with a niche reputation in the treatment of eating disorders, trauma and neurodiversity. Our Psychologists have extensive experience in eating disorders and trauma and take a non diet, weight neutral, Health at Every Size approach. We also offer high quality assessment and treatment for a wide range of presentations including depression, anxiety, stress, relationships and interpersonal matters. We are compassion focused, mindfulness based and trauma informed focusing on mind and body wellness.
(02) 9158 6591 View (02) 9158 6591
Photo of George Turnure Clinical Psychology, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
George Turnure Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
I'm a clinical psychologist who works with people who are hoping to cope better with strong moods such as sadness, low mood or depression, anger or if feeling constantly worried, nervous or anxious. Working together we will find out how this has developed and why it hasn't gone away. In this way we can gain an understanding of the issue and develop skills and strategies to cope better right now, and to manage and/or prevent these issues from returning in the future.
I'm a clinical psychologist who works with people who are hoping to cope better with strong moods such as sadness, low mood or depression, anger or if feeling constantly worried, nervous or anxious. Working together we will find out how this has developed and why it hasn't gone away. In this way we can gain an understanding of the issue and develop skills and strategies to cope better right now, and to manage and/or prevent these issues from returning in the future.
(02) 9053 4659 View (02) 9053 4659
Photo of The Younger Years, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
The Younger Years
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
We specialise in supporting the mental health of young people and their families from the ages of 0 - 25 years, that is, from the perinatal period right through to early adulthood. We pride ourselves on only working within this age group focusing on offering a wholistic and individualised approach to our patient’s care. We provide effective, evidence based assessment and treatment for anxiety, depression, emotional dysregulation, behavioural, neurodevelopmental, early childhood and eating issues. We also provide psychometric assessments which can be a way to determine a child or young person's strengths and needs.
We specialise in supporting the mental health of young people and their families from the ages of 0 - 25 years, that is, from the perinatal period right through to early adulthood. We pride ourselves on only working within this age group focusing on offering a wholistic and individualised approach to our patient’s care. We provide effective, evidence based assessment and treatment for anxiety, depression, emotional dysregulation, behavioural, neurodevelopmental, early childhood and eating issues. We also provide psychometric assessments which can be a way to determine a child or young person's strengths and needs.
(02) 9100 0582 View (02) 9100 0582
Photo of Kate Murphy, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
Kate Murphy
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
You may feel anxious, depressed, experience recurrent unhelpful relationship patterns, have a pervasive sense of discontent or just feel stuck. I can help you understand the history of your problems and learn healthier ways to relate to yourself and others. Whether you are dealing with unresolved early trauma, need help setting better boundaries in relationships, feel you don't quite belong, are underachieving, or cannot enjoy your successes, I can help you find solutions to your immediate issues, while also exploring how your previous life experiences affect your responses, relationships and self-perception.
You may feel anxious, depressed, experience recurrent unhelpful relationship patterns, have a pervasive sense of discontent or just feel stuck. I can help you understand the history of your problems and learn healthier ways to relate to yourself and others. Whether you are dealing with unresolved early trauma, need help setting better boundaries in relationships, feel you don't quite belong, are underachieving, or cannot enjoy your successes, I can help you find solutions to your immediate issues, while also exploring how your previous life experiences affect your responses, relationships and self-perception.
(02) 6190 0528 View (02) 6190 0528
Photo of Leo Martyn - Crows Nest Counselling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 2039, NSW
Leo Martyn - Crows Nest Counselling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Leo has been a clinical counsellor in private practice for over 12 years (ACA Level 4) and is an accredited social worker (MAASW). He is also a highly experienced meditation and mindfulness practitioner and student of spiritual and psychological paths. The practice in Crows Nest offers our clients sensitive and attuned counselling and psychotherapy services supportive of compassionate insight and empowerment for you to unpack and transform your mental health and personal life journey. Our space is friendly and safe counselling and psychotherapy space for individuals and couples to unpack and work through their concerns.
Leo has been a clinical counsellor in private practice for over 12 years (ACA Level 4) and is an accredited social worker (MAASW). He is also a highly experienced meditation and mindfulness practitioner and student of spiritual and psychological paths. The practice in Crows Nest offers our clients sensitive and attuned counselling and psychotherapy services supportive of compassionate insight and empowerment for you to unpack and transform your mental health and personal life journey. Our space is friendly and safe counselling and psychotherapy space for individuals and couples to unpack and work through their concerns.
(02) 8806 0384 View (02) 8806 0384
Photo of The Trauma and Anxiety Clinic, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
The Trauma and Anxiety Clinic
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Waitlist for new clients
My current favourite quote is "You are not Lazy, unmotivated, or stuck. After years of living your life in survival mode, you are exhausted. There is a difference" - Nahela Homer. It really resonates with me because therapy should be about helping you to shift perspective from that critical inner voice that tears you down and makes you feel distress (whether it's shame, guilt, anxiety, depression or anger), into a more balanced and compassionate perspective. You deserve to live a life you love, to work towards being who you want to be, or to do the things you want without fear or shame holding you back.
My current favourite quote is "You are not Lazy, unmotivated, or stuck. After years of living your life in survival mode, you are exhausted. There is a difference" - Nahela Homer. It really resonates with me because therapy should be about helping you to shift perspective from that critical inner voice that tears you down and makes you feel distress (whether it's shame, guilt, anxiety, depression or anger), into a more balanced and compassionate perspective. You deserve to live a life you love, to work towards being who you want to be, or to do the things you want without fear or shame holding you back.
(02) 9100 0859 View (02) 9100 0859
Photo of Drummoyne Psychology, Psychologist in 2039, NSW
Drummoyne Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified
Rozelle, NSW 2039
The staff at Drummoyne Psychology are warm and non-judgemental Clinical Psychologists. They work with people to increase life quality, taking a holistic approach to bring sustained change. They aim to work with each person in a tailored application of psychology, to reduce suffering, build resilience and cultivate inner contentment. The staff at Drummoyne Psycholo are experienced therapists who are also experienced relationship counsellors and have a passion for improving communication, increasing validation and fostering connection in relationships.
The staff at Drummoyne Psychology are warm and non-judgemental Clinical Psychologists. They work with people to increase life quality, taking a holistic approach to bring sustained change. They aim to work with each person in a tailored application of psychology, to reduce suffering, build resilience and cultivate inner contentment. The staff at Drummoyne Psycholo are experienced therapists who are also experienced relationship counsellors and have a passion for improving communication, increasing validation and fostering connection in relationships.
(02) 8188 4629 View (02) 8188 4629
Photo of Julia Ellis, Counsellor in 2039, NSW
Julia Ellis
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
3 Endorsed
Rozelle, NSW 2039
Hi, I’m Julia. I work with people aged 17 and above. In counselling I use anti-oppressive and non-pathologising frameworks - this means I work with you to explore how you make sense of your life and experiences. I am deeply informed by social justice and critical theory. I welcome all bodies, genders and identities, and work to problematise the privileges I hold as a cis woman. I collaborate with folks to create a space where people can befriend all parts of themselves. I approach counselling as a place for genuine connection, meaning-making, restorative justice and healing.
Hi, I’m Julia. I work with people aged 17 and above. In counselling I use anti-oppressive and non-pathologising frameworks - this means I work with you to explore how you make sense of your life and experiences. I am deeply informed by social justice and critical theory. I welcome all bodies, genders and identities, and work to problematise the privileges I hold as a cis woman. I collaborate with folks to create a space where people can befriend all parts of themselves. I approach counselling as a place for genuine connection, meaning-making, restorative justice and healing.
(02) 9100 0093 View (02) 9100 0093

See more therapy options for 2039

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in 2039

30+

Average cost per session

$192

Counsellors in 2039 who prioritize treating:

86% Anxiety
81% Self Esteem
78% Depression
72% Relationship Issues
69% Stress
61% Coping Skills
58% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

18 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% Bupa
67% Medicare Rebates
50% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in 2039 see their clients

95% In Person and Online
5% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
27% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in 2039?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.