By Nando Pelusi Ph.D., published on April 1, 2004 - last reviewed on November 20, 2015
Self-appraisal is a necessary activity for navigating a course
through life. A conscious assessment of our goals, our behavior, our
relationships, our performance in all domains ultimately enables
self-improvement. It allows us to expand our options in life.
It does more. It’s another way of leading the examined life.
You deepen the experience of the life you have.
Coming clean with your errors and learning to forgive yourself for
them can become a lifelong habit. Through it, your relationship with
yourself gets better and better.
After all, to whom does one go for self-help?
But self-appraisal can be a treacherous enterprise. Most often, we
avoid honestly assessing ourselves. There are several reasons. We tend
towards inertia. Or we too easily allow ourselves to be
Further, we mortals are not really designed to objectively appraise
ourselves. It can be painful, especially if we do it improperly. In the
course of doing it, we definitely feel miserable. Add in the risk that we
can overly self-appraise and get stuck there, endlessly evaluating
everything we do.
Still, I recommend that you push to overcome inertia so that you
can confront yourself. Only then can you seriously work to change what
The things that are amenable to change normally include:
• How you spend your time and with whom,
• The quality of the time you spend with others
• Other choices you can make about your self, such as how you
eat and how you drink
• Your performance in general and your performance towards
So, welcome to the art of self-appraisal.
As you push yourself to overcome inertia, you need to work against
the tendency to feel discouraged and hopeless. Here are some action
strategies that are geared toward success.
• The trick is to assess your behaviors and traits
honestly—but not rate your inherent worthiness as a human
• Focus on corrections. Cognitively reframe correction as
just that—corrections, rather than as failings.
• Look upon self-appraisal as identifying a new path for
yourself and persistently trotting down it.
Psychologists describe relearning, or changing your emotions and
behavior, as similar to retraining a horse along its route. If you ride a
horse the same through a path every time, he will only reluctantly go
down a new path. And every time the horse gets to that juncture, he will
hesitate. It’s only with consistent stopping and guiding the horse
down the path that he will unlearn the old and relearn the new.
• Talk sanely and forgivingly to yourself. Do not beat
• Recognize the difference between yourself and your
behaviors. Too often people make the error of thinking that because they
beat themselves up, it’s better not to critique their performance
at all. You won’t beat yourself up if you focus on the things that
you do, not what you are.
• Pay attention to the labels you apply. The labels we use
are often convenient symbols, but they don’t connote your entire
Sometimes we allow a person’s whole being to be summed up in
a label like “alcoholic,” even if the last drink he had was
30 years ago. Then, if he has a drink today, he’s seen as a
failure, rather than someone who might be successfully controlling his
• Notice how you unwittingly label yourself when you are down
and discouraged—but don’t let that mean lightening up on
criticism of your performance. The worst thing you can do is let yourself
slide and not engage in self-appraisal or label yourself as a bad person.
Instead, aim for a third dimension—critiquing your performance
while accepting yourself.
• Recognize that even bad performance is not totally
• Don’t overvalue acute pain. Be aware of acute
temporary feelings that bad events are permanent and awful.
Acute pain is commonly given undue weight. But often chronic
persistent errors lead to far more pain in the long run. If, for example,
you keep on gambling, that behavior will lead you to have more and larger
problems than if you sat through the acute pain of changing now.