By Hara Estroff Marano, published on May 1, 1998 - last reviewed on November 20, 2015
It's the single best shield against bullying, says David Perry,
Ph.D. His studies show that kids who lack confidence in their standing
with peers meet a vicious cycle of victimization.
Most kids are picked on by a bully at some point; only about 10
percent are repeatedly abused. "No one before has gone inside a child's
mind to see how he thinks," says Perry, professor of psychology at
Florida Atlantic University. "Our work re-centers the locus of
victimization in a child's self-concept."
Perry tracked 187 kids, 11 years old, from the fall to the spring.
Among those increasingly picked on, all lacked confidence in their social
By spring, he reports in Developmental Psychology, their poor sense
of social self-efficacy had devastated their entire self-worth. In
addition, they now had less confidence in their ability to stand up for
Having poor social skills and -- especially -- lacking
agreeableness lead children to a self-deprecating identity, which makes
them hesitate to assert their needs. It also broadcasts poor self-regard,
which invites abuse and further wrecks self-confidence.
Agreeableness is particularly powerful; through it, children
communicate to others that they like them. Other kids are then inclined
to reciprocate the liking. Social confidence isn't just kid stuff. Peer
relations not only shape development but are also rehearsals for adult