Postmenopausal women and those on medications that produce a general drying effect on body secretions are at particular risk for dyspareunia. Other causes in women include vaginal infections, cystitis or urethritis, orthopedic problems, and chronic constipation.
The most common causes of pain during male ejaculation are prostatitis and urethritis. This is often associated with a recent reduction in frequency of sexual activity. Pain occurring while obtaining an erection may be associated with inflammation of the foreskin, trauma to the penis, infections, genital allergies, or Peyronie's disease.
Difficulty or the inability to allow vaginal penetration for intercourse is the primary symptom of vaginismus. Vaginal pain during intercourse or pelvic exams is common.
Sexual Pain Disorder. Last reviewed 10/24/2006
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
- Dyspareunia Fact Page
- American Family Physician
- Griffith's 5-Minute Clinical Consult
- Kistner's Gynecology & Women's Health
- National Institutes of Health - National Library of Medicine. Medical management of endometriosis-associated pain