Schizotypal Personality Disorder

The word personality describes deeply ingrained patterns of behavior and the manner in which individuals think about themselves and their world. Personality traits are conspicuous features of behavior and are not necessarily pathological, although certain ones may encourage social problems. Personality disorders are enduring, persistent behavior patterns severe enough to cause significant impairment in functioning as well as internal distress.

Schizotypal personality disorder is a pattern of deficiency in appearance, behavior, and thought patterns affecting interpersonal relationships, and behavior. Speech may include digressions, odd use of words or a strikingly weak vocabulary. Patients usually experience distorted thinking, behave strangely, and avoid intimacy. They typically have few, if any, close friends, and feel nervous around strangers although they may marry and maintain jobs. These symptoms may place people with this disorder at a high risk for involvement with cults. The disorder, which may appear more frequently in males, surfaces by early adulthood and can exacerbate anxiety and depression.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder. Last reviewed 12/31/1969
  • American Psychiatric Association
  • Consumers as Community Support Providers: Issues Created by Role Innovation. Mombray, C.T., Moxley, D.P., Thrasher, S., Bybee, D., McCrohan, N., Harris, S., and Clover, G.
  • National Institutes of Health: National Library of Medicine
  • National Mental Health Association