In order to develop an appropriate treatment plan, an assessment of age-appropriate adaptive behaviors should be made using developmental screening tests. The objectives of these tests are to determine which developmental milestones have been missed. The primary goal of treatment is to develop the person's potential to the fullest. Special education and training may begin as early as infancy. Attention is given to social skills to help the person function as normally as possible.
It is important for a specialist to evaluate the person for coexisting affective disorders that may require treatment. Behavioral approaches are important in understanding and working with mentally retarded individuals.
Mental Retardation. Last reviewed 01/15/2010
- National Institutes of Health
- National Library of Medicine