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Quite simply, cognition refers to thinking. There are the obvious applications of conscious reasoning—doing taxes, playing chess, deconstructing Macbeth—but thought takes many subtler forms, such as interpreting sensory input, guiding physical actions, and empathizing with others. The old metaphor for human cognition was the computer—a logical information-processing machine.
Peter Drucker famously stated that "management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things." Great leaders possess dazzling social intelligence, a zest for change, and above all, vision that allows them to set their sights on the "things" that truly merit attention. Not a bad skill set for the rest of us, either.
1The Real Reason Children (and Adults) Hate their Stepmothersby Wednesday Martin, Ph.D.
2Commitment and Members of the Opposite Sexby Barton Goldsmith, Ph.D.
3Intelligence, Creativity and Maniaby Dr. Eric R. Maisel, Ph.D.
4Breathless: When Everything Is Just a Blurby Dr. Julie J. Exline, Ph.D.
5Making Terrible Mistakes at Work.by Fredric Neuman, M.D.