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Memory makes us. If we couldn't recall the who's, what's, where's, and when's of our everyday lives, we'd never be able to manage. We mull over ideas in the present with our short-term (or working) memory, while we store past events and learned meanings in our long-term (episodic or semantic) memory.
Quite simply, cognition refers to thinking. There are the obvious applications of conscious reasoning—doing taxes, playing chess, deconstructing Macbeth—but thought takes many subtler forms, such as interpreting sensory input, guiding physical actions, and empathizing with others. The old metaphor for human cognition was the computer—a logical information-processing machine.
1Gray Matters: Too Much Screen Time Damages the Brainby Victoria L. Dunckley, M.D.
2How to Decipher Your Dateby Seth Meyers, Psy.D.
3Can You Make Your Dreams Come True?by Melanie Greenberg, Ph.D.
47 Tips for a Technology Detoxby Gregory L. Jantz, Ph.D.
5In Your Eyesby John Amodeo, PhD, MFT