For college freshman and their families, September is usually a time of excitement and trepidation – an honored American rite of passage. But it doesn’t mean your teen needs you less; it means they need you differently
Of course, teens may continue to need your financial resources. But in truth, they require much more than money can buy.
While it has been eleven years since we traveled from Seattle to Washington D.C. to take our daughter to college, I clearly remember the buzz of freshmen making their way through orientation; parents lining up at hardware stores to buy extra picture hangers; and the churning in my stomach as we said our goodbyes.
What laid ahead for our daughter? Developmental growth and maturation facilitated by unpredictable life experiences and lots of parental love, guidance, and support! She was beginning her journey into late adolescence and young adulthood. We were beginning our journey into an empty nest (physically but not emotionally!)
Going to college is a big step in a child’s life. They will gain new knowledge and meet new friends. They will experiment with new behavior and reflect on the people they want to become. Hopefully, they will graduate and take their knowledge, skills, and experiences into the world of gainful employment.
Adolescence Lasts Longer than in Previous Generations
Parents should beware: your child is still an adolescent! The development that happens during these years is immense. While many parents believe adolescence occurs between the ages of eleven and eighteen, most social scientists consider it to be much longer – stretching into the early twenties. In fact, another important period of development, young adulthood, occurs well into the late twenties. The bottom line – today’s college freshmen depend on parents and social support systems much longer than previous generations.
There are many complex reasons why the period of adolescence is longer for kid’s growing up in today’s Western societies. The key reason is that children are given fewer responsibilities and are treated as more dependent than their parents or grandparents were at similar ages. This does not give them opportunities for planning, preparing, and executing – essential skills that help develop initiative and teach them to make successful transitions. Children with learning differences or ADHD move through adolescence even more slowly, requiring greater parental support.
As a developmental psychologist and a parent with an eleven-year retrospective on college orientation and beyond, I offer a few nuggets of wisdom for parents of new freshmen. Above all, remember that this transition is just one of many steps in the period of development known as adolescence. You may have left your son or daughter at college, but they will be your child for the rest of their lives!
Your child will always need three things from you: faith, hope, and love. Whatever your religious beliefs, you have already instilled your son or daughter with values that will last a lifetime. Have faith those values will endure. Supporting your child’s college education provides hope for a more fulfilling future. Help them hold onto that hope, no matter what. Love them, no matter what. With faith, hope, and love as the foundation of your relationship, here are ten ways to support your child’s development as they enter college.
Ten Ways to Support Your Freshman’s Development
- Expect the unexpected from today forward.
- Expect the unexpected to become the new normal.
- Embrace the unexpected; knowing it produces learning and growth for your child.
- Discard the expectations you have of your child, allowing your son or daughter to develop their own life and career goals.
- Always be there to listen, support, and encourage.
- Give your expert advice and feedback only when invited. (They will ask for it!)
- Encourage your child to seek support from other adults. Non-parent mentors are critical during this period of development.
- When your child faces challenges and obstacles, encourage them to think through the steps to overcome them rather than giving them your answers. (Your answers don’t work for anyone else but you!)
- Challenge yourself and your child to think critically! This is one of the most important skills your child will cultivate during late adolescence. And it is a skill that is also developed over a lifetime! A critical thinker raises good questions, understands relevant information, comes to well-reasoned conclusions, thinks with an open-mind, and communicates effectively with others. When children and parents communicate critically with an open-mind, both evolve as human beings.
- Accept that your child will think and do things differently than you. As frustrating as that can be, it works out best when your child discovers the beauty of who they are, separate from their parents. You wouldn’t want it any other way!
Do you have children who have graduated from college? Please add your comments and ways you learned to support your student during those initial college years.
©2012 Marilyn Price-Mitchell. All rights reserved. Please contact for permission to reprint.
Marilyn Price-Mitchell, PhD, is a developmental psychologist and researcher working at the intersection of psychology, education, and youth civic engagement. Follow her on TWITTER or FACEBOOK
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