Overcoming Pain

Why people experience chronic pain, and the power they have to de-intensify it

Botox and Depression: The Frownless Face of Happiness

If you frown all the time, it is likely you feel a certain amount of pain, or at least discomfort; because, after all, you are using many more muscles to maintain that frown, compared to what is needed to light up the world with a smile. But is it the frown causing the depression? Or is it the depression causing the frown? Read More

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Mark Borigini, M.D., is a board-certified rheumatologist who has devoted his career to treating illnesses that cause chronic pain and disability.


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It can take a radical reboot to get past old hurts and injustices.