There are seven billion people in the world and one soul mate out there somewhere for you to find, right?
Maybe, but maybe not.
Research has quite clearly shown that a strong belief in destiny can actually be harmful to you and the success of your relationships. Here's why: Having the mentality of believing that you've found your soul mate is related to all kinds of unhealthy thinking about your love life.
Let's illustrate: You fall in love and start a relationship. And all relationships have processes and phases that they tend to follow. Infatuated love—when most of your time is spent thinking about that special person—will most likely only last a number of months(1). What really matters is what happens next. In other words: How will you react when your soul mate starts looking a bit less perfect?
People who hold strong beliefs in destiny are prone to lose interest in their partner much faster than others and are likely to give up much more easily when the relationship looks a bit less rosy (2). Look at it this way: If you believe that "we're either meant to be together or we're not" then you're more likely to see negative things in your relationship as an indicator that perhaps that "special one" actually isn't your true soul mate after all. Perhaps you were simply mistaken: if you were meant for one another, then why should you have to work so hard at the relationship?
The Work-Through-It Mentality
Are you the type of person who naturally faces hardships with a "work through it" mentality? In other words, do you see good things and bad things as equal part of the process of life? All relationships will go through hardship—it's how you respond to that hardship that matters. That's why the best predictor of whether your relationship will succeed in the long term is how you resolve disagreements(3). Research shows that people in relationships who have a "work through it" mentality will cope much better when the inevitable trials come—and that their relationships will stand a better chance of long-term survival(4).
- Ask yourself what kind of general view you have: Do you believe that things are either meant to happen or not; or do you believe that things happen as a consequence of how much effort and hard work you put into them? Try to realize what you can control and what you can't. Understand that to get really good at anything (including relationships), thousands of hours of practice are needed.
- Start looking at "working on your relationship" as romantic: There may be no predetermined soul mate waiting to be found. That said, over time, you can certainly experience the feeling of a specific person being your soul mate. That feeling comes from working on the relationship, compromising, and learning to understand your partner very well.
- Beware the soul mate fallacy. People who believe in fate are likely also to also believe that a partner can read his or her mind without any specific communication of needs—If he's my soul mate, he'll understand what I need; that men and women are extremely different in their relationship needs—an assumption not consistent with relationship science; or that sex in a relationship will always be good—evidence actually shows that sex will change as a relationship changes and that a "good" sex life needs to be nourished through continuous practice.
To find out how much you believe in the idea of predestined soul mates, take this quiz.
For further reading
- Sternberg, R.J. (1988). The triangle of love. New Work: Basic Books.
- Knee, C. R., Patrick, H., Vietor, N. A., & Neighbors, C. (2004). Implicit theories of relationships: Moderators of the link between conflict and commitment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(5), 617-628.
- Gottman, J., & Silver, N. (1999). The seven principles of making marriage work. New York: Random House.
- Knee, C. R., Patrick, H., Vietor, N. A., Nanayakkara, A., & Neighbors, C (2002). Self-determination as growth motivation in romantic relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(5), 609-619.
Dr. Bjarne Holmes is Associate Professor and the Program Director for Psychology at Champlain College in beautiful Burlington, Vermont (come study with us!!). His research focuses on attachment, well-being, health, relationship attitudes and beliefs, and the role of media influence on social identity in young adults. Dr. Holmes is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships and he produces the journal's podcast series,"Relationship Matters" (download the podcasts for free here). He's also a regular contributor to the web page Science of Relationships (read his articles here). Dr. Holmes is available for media interviews, expert commentary, or consulting.