Feeling, Relating, Existing

On emotion and the human dimension

Emily Running

In the experiencing of authentic temporality, the whole structure of human existence has to be brought into view—namely, that it is authentically intelligible only in terms of its stretching along between birth and the possibility of death, between two abysses of nothingness. Read More

Kant and Temporality

Kant expressly called time "inner sense" and I do not believe that your characterization of Kant's view of time is accurate. It is fairly clear, however, that the view you ascribe to Kant was the view Heidegger ascribed to Kant.

I hold that Heidegger's view of authentic time is strongly derivative of Kant's view of aesthetic experience in which a syntheses are made not under the rubric of concepts ("of the Understanding". In particular, Kant's explication of "the sublime" is strongly similar to Heideggerian originary temporality, though the lexicon is different.

Kant's time

You might be right, although I think when Kant speaks of time as the "inner sense" he is talking about time as an a priori form of perception (the other being space or the "outer sense"), not the phenomenology of lived time, which is Heidegger's interest. And I do think that Kant's time is linear, not ecstatic.

Kant's time

Remembering more of my Kant studies from years ago, it was precisely because he was saddled with Aristotle's metaphysical conception of time that Kant had to invoke the mental faculty of imagination to explain how a linear sequence of discrete nows could be synthesized into a perceptual object with a temporally stable identity.

Bob, Of course you are right


Of course you are right that for Kant "inner sense" (time as one aspect of sensibility the other being space or "outer sensibility" ) is an a priori condition of the possibility of experience (sensibility being the possibility of perception, not the actual peception of particulars). And, I think it should be borne in mind that, for Kant, all all philosophy is about apperances (phenomena) and in that sense phenomenological

In my interpretation of Kant, ecstatic temporality is found in his characterization of the sublime, which is a form of aesthetic experience (his terminology) and has ethical implications in that, for Kant, an aesthetic judgement issues a command. I think that Heidegger's originary time is radically commanding in this Kantian sense and is part and parcel of Kant's much earlier formulation of "freeing oneself from self-imposed tutelage/minority" and both Heideggerian "resoluteness" and "letting being be" to my mind are riffs on the enlightening potential of the experience of originary time/the sublime.

It could be said that I have Heideggerized Kant, but I do think that one can find evidence for my interpretation in Kant himself as well as in "Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics."


Kant's sublime

Thanks, Brad, you make some very interesting points here!

Lived Time

Minkowski wrote a beautiful book entitled Lived Time.

Your poem, Robert, feels like a timeless moment. Thanks for sharing such an intimate experience.

Even the sense of transience may be timeless. Perhaps this is something inherent in Lacan's sense of lack.

I am in the midst of reading Plato's Parmenides where paradox seems to rule. The timeless inhering in time, the oneness in the many and the many in the one.

Much food for thought.

timeless transience

Thank you for your thoughtful comment, Lawrence!

Kising Emily

What a lovely poem, Bob. It;s so easy to visualize you and Emily going to her school with your inner smile.

inner smile

Thanks so much for your lovely comment, Frank!

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Robert D. Stolorow, Ph.D. is one of the original members of the International Council for Psychoanalytic Self Psychology, which stems from the work of Heinz Kohut.


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