Animal Emotions

Do animals think and feel?

Play By a Grizzly Cub and Wolf Pup: A Superb Video

Watch a grizzly cub and wolf pup romp here and there: It'll make your day

They say a picture is worth a 1000 words. Well, this video of a grizzly bear cub playing with a wolf pup - an odd couple - is worth countless words. There's much interest in "odd couples", individuals of different species who form close social bonds that are rather unexpected. While a grizzly playing with a wolf is rather unexpected, these two individuals were young and in captivity and play is as natural to young animals as is breathing. 

Come play with me: The rules of engagement of fair play

What's very interesting in this video from an ethological (animal behavior) perspective is not only do these youngsters play in a thoroughly friendly and fair manner, but they also use many of the same play signals to communicate messages such as  "I want to play with you". These include the "bow" - they quickly crouch on their forelimbs and stick their butts into the air and then approach their playmate or approach and then rapidly run away - and what's called "exaggerated pawing" or "paw slapping", gentle enough so as not to scare off their friend, while still communicating their intention to play. These "universal play signals" are shared among members of a wide variety of species (see also and and and). There also some vocalizations, what people call "play panting", that are also a typical part of the relaxed and contagious atmosphere of play. 

The cub and the pup are engaging in fair play. I've studied social play for decades and have identified four basic rules for fair play, namely, "Ask first, be honest, follow the rules, and admit you're wrong." When the rules of play are violated, and when fairness breaks down, so does play. You can read more about fair play in an essay called "The ethical dog". 

Enjoy this video, watch it a few times, and share it widely. It's that good.

The teaser image is taken from here.

Some relevant references

Bekoff, M. 2008. Animals at Play: Rules of the Game. Temple University Press, Philadelphia.

Bekoff, M. and Pierce, J. 2009. Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Spinka, M., Newberry, R. C., and Bekoff, M. 2001. Mammalian play: Training for the unexpected. Quarterly Review of Biology 76, 141-168

Marc Bekoff, Ph.D., is Professor Emeritus of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Colorado, Boulder.

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