Studying the ways in which nonhuman animals sense their world is a most awe-inspiring area of research. Not surprinsgly, there are vast differences in the sensory capacities among animals that are highly correlated to the ways in which they live. Bats and dolphins produce ultrasounds, elephants and whales emit low-frequency infrasounds that travel great distances, and dogs, rodents, and elephants, for example, have highly evolved senses of smell, although they elect to put their noses in places that we, with our reduced olfactory capacities, still find offensive.
As highly visual animals we often think of other animals as sharing our visual acuity, and in some instances this is a valid assumption. However, there are vast differences among species—some see better than others—and this beautifully illustrated and highly informative infographic nicely lays out how dogs, cats, horses, zebras, birds, and insects, among other animals, see the world.