Wall Street Journal's recent article describes how women doctors receive less pay for equal work as compared to their male counterparts.
I distinctly recall being in a woman doctors' session a few years ago. My colleagues were complaining about gender disparities regarding opportunities and how they made less money even when performing similar jobs in healthcare settings.
As a young clinical research fellow at the National Institutes of Health, my pay was equivalent to my fellow colleagues: we were federal employees. There was an interesting difference, though. Of three fellows, I was the only one who was a woman, married, and with children. One of my colleagues was married without children and the other one was single. It was quite obvious my colleagues invested more research hours than I did. Although I started private practice - and even moonlighted at the time - my dedication to the fellowship was 40+ hours whereas my colleagues included more work hours.