Hammered at Work

THE MACRO VIEW

Percentage of the American workforce who admit to drinking five or more drinks at one time on five or more days within the last month: 12

Percentage of industrial fatalities directly linked to alcohol: 40

Average yearly income of nonalcoholic men aged 45-59: $24,000

Average yearly income of alcoholic men the same age: $16,000

HOOCH ON THE BRAIN

Percentage of employees in substance-abuse employee-assistance programs (EPAs) who report being moderately depressed: 34

Percentage of the general public who report being moderately depressed: 9

Percentage of alcoholic employees with attendance problems: 33.5

Percentage of non-alcoholic employees with attendance problems: 18.8

WHO ARE THEY?

Percentage of workers who are alcohol dependent (by profession):

Kindergarten teachers: 5

Architects: 12

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Police and fire fighters: 10

Physicians: 2

Editors and reporters: 20

Construction workers: 20

Registered nurses: 3

Bartenders: 42

MEN, WOMEN, AND BOOZE

Percentage of workers diagnosed as alcohol dependent (by sex):

Men in the labor force: 14.6

Women in the labor force: 5.7

Male engineers: 7.6

Female engineers: 12.3

Male chefs. 23

Female chefs: 5.2

Male lawyers: 11.3

Female lawyers: 3.6

Male social workers: 18.2

Female social workers: 4.9

COMPANY POLICY

Percentage of companies that have had employees with substance-abuse problems: 96

Percentage of companies that tested employees for drug use in 1988: 42

Percentage of companies that tested employees in 1993: 78

Percentage of companies that feel employee substance-abuse is worse today than it was five years ago: 77

Sources: Far Cliffs Consulting, National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

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